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“verbo to be”


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Unidad 1




“VERBO TO BE”

Es uno de los auxiliares más utilizados en inglés. En español su traducción seria “ser o estar” y al igual que éste idioma se clasifica en singular y plural utilizado de la siguiente manera con los pronombres personales:




Positivo




I am ( I´m) Yo Soy- Yo Estoy

Singular He ( He´s) El Es- El Está

She is ( She’s) Ella Es- Ella Está

It ( It’s) Eso Es- Eso Está



We ( We’re) Nosotros Somos- Nosotros Estamos

Plural You are ( You´re) Vosotros Sois- Vosotros Están

They ( They´re) Ellos –Ellas Son- Ellos Ellas Están

Negativo



I am I’m not

Singular He He’s not (He isn't)

She is She’s not (She isn´t)

It It´s not (It´s isn´t)

Not or



We We’re not (We aren´t)

Plural You are You’re not (You aren´t)

They They’re not (They aren´t)

Nota:


  • No se utiliza la contracción en respuestas afirmativas

Ejemplo:


Am I a teacher? Am I a teacher?



Yes, I´m Yes, Iam.

Unidad 1

Ejercicios.


  1. Complete utilizando AM - IS - ARE donde creas convenientes.




    1. He’ __s_ in the kitchen.

    2. She______ a beautiful woman.

    3. They_______ in the garden.

    4. You_____ a better person.

1.5 I ______ a student.

    1. We______ good classmates.

    2. It_____ a bus




  1. Use el “Verbo To Be” de manera negativa en las siguientes oraciones.


2.1 (My car dirty): my car isn’t dirty__________________________________________________

2.2 (They actors and actresses):______________________________________________________

2.3 (She small person):______________________________________________________________

2.4. (The house not a big one):_______________________________________________________

2.5. (He not a baseball player):_______________________________________________________


  1. Forme preguntas con las siguientes oraciones.

3.1 John is 23 years old: Is john 23 years old? ______________________________________



    1. Maria and Marta are my sisters: __________________________________________________

    2. He is an English teacher:_________________________________________________________

    3. She is a biology student: ________________________________________________________

    4. They are good singers:___________________________________________________________




  1. Responda afirmativa y negativamente las siguientes oraciones.

4.1 Is Carlos the best singer?

Yes, He is the best singer_______________________/ No, he isn´t the best singer.

    1. Is the party on Saturday?

  • ______________________________________/______________________________________

    1. Are they your new classmates?

  • ______________________________________/______________________________________

    1. Am I tall person?

  • ______________________________________/______________________________________

    1. Is Jane at home?

  • ___________________________________/____________________________

Unidad 2


TO BE / PREGUNTAS

Para formar preguntas utilizamos el “Verbo To Be” (am - is - are) además de un sujeto y un complemento



Positive Preguntas




I am Am I?

Singular He he?

She is is she?

It it?



We we?

Plural You are are you?

They they?


  • Con Adverbios de interrogación:


Where......? What...........? Who........? How........? Why.............?


  • What’s your name? My name is David

  • How old are you? I am 23 years old

  • Why is the dog here? Because is my favorite pet




Para respuestas afirmativas: Para respuestas negativas:

I am. I am not.


Yes, he No, he

She is. She isn´t.

It it





We we


Yes, you are. No, you aren´t.

They they



Unidad 2

Ejercicios.


    1. Responda las siguientes preguntas con la información que está entre paréntesis.




    1. What is the color of your house? (Blue): The colour of my house is blue.____________________

    2. When is the party? ( on May):______________________________________________________________________

    3. Where is the supermarket?(near the bank):________________________________________________________

    4. Who is the new singer? ( Beck):___________________________________________________________________

    5. How old is she? ( 26 years old):_____________________________________________________________________




    1. Encuentre la respuesta correcta en la Columna B.


Columna A Columna B

a. Is that a new car? _____ Yes, she is

b. I am 23 years old _____ No, I am Venezuelan

c. Are they brothers? _____ It´s 2000 Bs

d. Where is she from? _____ Canada

e. How much is that? _____ how old are you?

f. Are you American? _____ No, they aren´t

g. At what time the shops open? __a__ Yes, it is

h. Is she married? _____ At seven am




    1. Escriba respuestas cortas.




    1. Is she single? No, she isn´t ______________________________________________________

    2. Are they dancers? __________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Is it a dog? __________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Is the weather nice today? _________________________________________________________________________

    5. Are we Venezuelan? ________________________________________________________________________________




    1. Revise las siguientes oraciones y encuentre los “ posibles errores “

My name´z José. Iem 23 years old and I living with my family in a little house. I likeing school a lot. My friends are very nice. My schoolteacher is from Caracas. She´z very beautiful and I likeing her classes a lot. At home, I always do my work after lunch. When I go to bed, I takes an aspirin.



My name’s Jose__________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Unidad 3
PRESENTE CONTINUO

Es uno de los tiempos verbales más usados en Inglés. Se forma utilizando Am – Is- Are + gerundio de cualquier verbo. Su equivalente al Castellano seria endo – ando (corriendo, caminando, hablando, etc.)



I am I´m eating

Singular He He´s reading She is She´s playing football

It The cat is drinking milk



(not) - ING We're working everyday

We You´re wearing a blue jean

Plural You are They are having dinner

They


Nota:

  • Verbos que terminan en “e” se elimina añadiendo “-ing ” al final.

Make

Making

Haciendo

Smoke

Smoking

Fumando

Write

Writing

Escribiendo

Take

Taking

Tomando



  • Verbos terminados en “ ie”, ésta terminación cambia a “ y “ y se agrega “ ing”

Lie

Lying

Mintiendo

Dye

Dying

Muriendo




  • Verbos terminados en vocal + consonante con golpe de voz en ésta terminación, la consonante se repite:


Stop

Stopping

Parando

Run

Running

Corriendo

Get

Getting

Obteniendo




  • Verbos terminados en “ w ” y “y”, solamente se añade “ ing ”

Ejemplo:

Draw

Drawing

Dibujando

Play

Playing

Jugando




  • Los siguientes verbos no se pueden utilizar en Presente Continuo:

Want//Know//Remember//Like//Mean//Forget//Love//Understand

Unidad 3


Ejercicios


  1. Cambie las siguientes oraciones a “Presente Continuo”.




    1. We come late: We are coming late__________________________________________________________

    2. I have dinner: _______________________________________________________________________________________

    3. They arrive on time:_________________________________________________________________________________

    4. You call my doctor:_________________________________________________________________________________

    5. She plays the piano:_________________________________________________________________________________

    6. We help our classmates:____________________________________________________________________________




  1. Ordene las siguientes oraciones en “ Presente Continuo”




    1. ( I / wash / my hair / not / am): I am not washing my hair_________________________________

    2. ( It / raining / is / right / now / not /):_____________________________________________________________

    3. ( You / are / reading / the newspaper /):____________________________________________________________

    4. ( She / some / apples / is / eating /):_________________________________________________________________

    5. ( He / watching / T.V / is / not /):__________________________________________________________________




  1. Use I am + -ing en las siguientes oraciones




    1. ( wait for someone) : I am waiting for someone______________________________________________

    2. (play in the park) :__________________________________________________________________________________

    3. ( swim in the river):_________________________________________________________________________________

    4. (work on my project):______________________________________________________________________________

    5. (wear a blue jean) :__________________________________________________________________________________

    6. ( take a shower) : __________________________________________________________________________________




  1. Escriba las siguientes oraciones en “Presente Continuo”.

My friend´s name is Carlos. He lives in Los Angeles with his sister Maria (1), and his mother and father. Carlos and Maria get on 7.45 a.m everyday (2) . They have breakfast at 8. o´clock (3). They enjoy arepas with cheese and black coffee (4) . They leave school at 12.00 p.m (5). They eat dinner with their parents at 8 p.m (6) .


He´s living in Los Angeles with his sister Maria_____________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Unidad 4
PRESENTE CONTINUO / PREGUNTAS

Positivo Preguntas




I am Am I

Singular He studying he

She is eating Is she

It driving it studying?

sleeping eating?

We etc. we driving?

Plural You are Are you sleeping?

They they etc.


  • Are you drinking soda ? No, I am drinking an orange juice

  • Is she saying something wrong ? Yes, she is saying something wrong

  • Are they doing their homework? Yes, they are doing it

  • What are you choosing? An apartment.

  • Are you coming with us? I don´t think so




  • Orden de las palabras con:




Adverbios de interrogación is / are + Sujeto + -ing
Where are they working? In a restaurant Is she singing?

What are you writing? A letter Are they reading?


  • Respuestas cortas:


I am. I am not.


Yes, he No, he’s (he isn´t)

she is. she’s not. (she isn´t)

it its (it isn´t)



or


we we're (we aren´t)

Yes, you are. No, you´re not. (you aren´t)

they They´re (they aren´t)




  • Are you leaving now? Yes, I am.

  • Is Carlos buying a car? No, he isn´t.

Unidad 4


Ejercicios.


  1. Formule preguntas con las siguientes respuestas.




    1. Is Maria boring ____________________________ _________________________________________________________?

No, Maria is very nice.


    1. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________?

Yes, I am working on it


    1. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________?

No, they are reading a newspaper
1.4 _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________?

No, it isn’t raining


1.5 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________?

No, he is writing a poem




  1. Complete el siguiente diálogo.


a. Hello,______How are you?__________________________________________________________________________________

b. Hi!!! I am O.K and you?_____________________________________________________________________________________

a. What are you taking?_____________________________________________________________________________________

b. ____________________a pill___________________________________________________________________________________

a. Are you ill_?_______________________________________________________________________________________________

b No,________________________________________________________________________________________________________

a Is Maria___________________________________________________________________________________________________

b. Yes, she is.________________________________________________________________________________________________

a Well, see you soon.__________________________________________________________________________________________

b.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

a:______________________________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. Cambie las siguientes oraciones a “ Presente Continuo”




    1. I wash my car: I am washing my car__________________________________________________________________

    2. She serves the dinner everyday:_______________________________________________________________________________

    3. He lives in a flat:______________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. They change some money at the bank:_______________________________________________________________________

    5. You take some clothes from here:____________________________________________________________________________

    6. She sees with Carlos:_________________________________________________________________________________________

Unidad 5

PRESENTE SIMPLE

Se usa para expresar cosas que son verdaderas en general o que ocurren con cierta frecuencia. También se usa para expresar hábitos.

I read He reads

You like She likes

We work It works

They think thinks

etc. .etc





VERBOS QUE TERMINAN EN

SE LE AGREGA

“y “

“y” cambia por “ies”

“s”

“x”


“ch”

“sh”


“es”

“do”, “go”

“es”

Todos los demás verbos

“s”



ALWAYS - USUALLY - SOMETIMES - OFTEN + PRESENTE SIMPLE


  • Si se trata del verbo principal, el adverbio va delante del mismo:

I usually like big cities.

Tim always works very hard.

Jessica often lives near the bank.



  • Si se trata del verbo “To Be” (am, is. are), el adverbio va detrás del mismo:

He is usually late.

They are often at bed at 10 p.m.

We are still in our job.



  • Si es un verbo compuesto ( auxiliar + verbo), los adverbios ocupan una posición intermedia entre ellos:

I can never find my keys at time.

They’ve all sent the letters.



It doesn´t often rain here.

Unidad 5

Ejercicios


1. Agregue “ s “ o “ es “ a los siguientes verbos:
1.1 walk: walks____________ 1.5 try:_________________________

    1. arrive:_______________________ 1.6 finish:______________________

    2. eat:__________________________ 1.7 play:________________________

    3. go:___________________________ 1.8 close:________________________


2. Traduzca al Inglés los siguientes verbos y encuéntrelos en ésta sopa de letras:


  • Olvidar: forget____________// Entender:___________________// Colocar:______________//

  • Tomar (Cosas):_____// Ganar:____________________// Dar:_________________________//

  • Leer.__________ //Sentarse:____________________// Ir:____________________________//

  • Hacer ( Tarea):______________// Mostrar:____________________// Perder:____________//

  • Sentir.______________________//




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3. De los siguientes verbos encontrados formule una oración utilizando la tercera persona del singular (he, she, it).


  • Forget: She forgets her diary everyday.______________________________________________________

  • Put:_____________________________________________________________________________________________

  • Sit: ______________________________________________________________________________________________

  • Take:________________________________________________________________________________________________

  • ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Unidad 6




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