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HIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION OEA/Ser.P

June 8-10, 2003 AG/doc.4151/03

Santiago, Chile 6 May 2003

Original: Spanish/English/Portuguese


Item XVI on the agenda

CANDIDACIES FOR FOUR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR


ON THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

This document will be presented to the General Assembly

at its thirty-third regular session.

EXPLANATORY NOTE


In resolution AG/RES. 1757 (XXX-O/00), “Measures to Encourage the Timely Payment of Quotas,” Annex A, section B, paragraphs 3 a., b., and c., the General Assembly instructed that the following procedures would be used in elections conducted by the General Assembly or by the Councils of the Organization:
a. When circulating to the member states documents presented by a member state nominating a candidate the General Secretariat shall indicate in the transmittal notice whether the nominating member state is “current,” “considered current,” or “not current”;


  1. Within one week prior to holding the election and, again, immediately prior to taking the corresponding vote, the General Secretariat shall circulate a statement among all delegations indicating the countries which are “current,” “considered current,” and “not current.” The statement shall also show the number of years each such country is in arrears. No vote shall be held until this information has been circulated and the delegations so notified; and




  1. The respective electing organ can specifically take into account the condition of those states which are “not current.”

With a view to implementing the abovementioned resolution, the General Secretariat hereby forwards the attached information on the status of quota payments by member states as of April 30, 2003.


LIST OF CANDIDATES, IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER,

TO FILL FOUR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR ON THE

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

ALTOLAGUIRRE LARRAONDO, Marta Beatriz (Guatemala)

FERNÁNDEZ ARÉVALO, Evelio (Paraguay)

GUTIÉRREZ TREJO, Freddy Enrique (Venezuela)

MARTÍNEZ, Rafael E. (United States)

MELÉNDEZ PADILLA, Florentín (El Salvador)

MÉNDEZ, Juan (Argentina)

PINHEIRO, Paulo Sérgio (Brazil)

CANDIDACIES FOR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR ON THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, FOR WHICH ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD

AT THE THIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY1/
(Guatemala)

Permanent Mission of gUatemala

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

M 12-OEA-G.1.4

No. 161-03

Washington, D.C.

March 7, 2003

Excellency:


I have the honor of addressing Your Excellency to forward to you, for your information, a copy of a note from Mr. Edgar Gutiérrez, Minister of Foreign Affairs, in which he announces that the Government of Guatemala has decided to support the candidacy of Dr. Marta Beatriz Altolaguirre Larraondo for reelection as a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) at the elections that will take place during the thirty-third regular session of the OAS General Assembly this June in Santiago, Chile. Dr. Altolaguirre’s curriculum vitae is attached hereto.
At present, Dr. Altolaguirre serves as President of the IACHR. A renowned jurist and academic, she is committed to safeguarding human rights.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

Víctor Hugo Godoy

Ambassador

Permanent Representative

His Excellency

Luigi R. Einaudi

Assistant Secretary General of the

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Guatemala, C.A.

Guatemala

March 7, 2003

Excellency:


I have the honor of addressing Your Excellency to announce that the Government of Guatemala has decided to nominate Dr. Marta Beatriz Altolaguirre Larraondo for membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for the 2004-2008 term.
This nomination is submitted within the timeframe established by the Commission for that purpose. The election will take place this June in Santiago, Chile, at the next regular session of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States. The Government believes that Dr. Altolaguirre’s work as a member of the Commission has been important to the various regions of the American Hemisphere, as has her presence, as a woman, on such an august body within the Organization. She was chosen to serve as the Commission’s Rapporteur for Women’s Rights and currently serves as President of the Commission.
For these reasons, we support the candidacy of Marta Altolaguirre for reelection to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

Edgar Gutiérrez

Minister of Foreign Affairs

His Excellency

César Gaviria

Secretary General

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.



http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2003/AG02147b.pdf (curriculum vitae)

CANDIDACIES FOR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR ON THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, FOR WHICH ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD

AT THE THIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY2/
(Paraguay)

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

The Secretary General


January 27, 2003

Excellency:
I have the honor to address Your Excellency to forward to you the note dated January 7, 2003, in which the Permanent Mission of Paraguay announces its Government’s decision to nominate Senator Evelio Fernández Arévalo for membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, elections for which will be held at the thirty-third regular session of the General Assembly, to be held in Chile in June of this year.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

César Gaviria

His Excellency

Ambassador Arturo Duarte Ortiz

Permanent Representative of Guatemala to the

Organization of American States

Chair of the Permanent Council

Washington, D.C.


PERMANENT MISSION OF PARAGUAY

TO THE

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

No. 013-003/MPP-OEA


Washington, D.C., January 7, 2003
Excellency:
I have the honor to address Your Excellency in reference to the next regular session of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), to be held in June 2003 in Santiago, Chile.
With regard to the elections to be held there for members of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), the Government of the Republic of Paraguay wishes to nominate Senator Evelio Fernández Arévalos for membership on that body, pursuant to Article 3, paragraph 2, of its Statute.
This important nomination comes in the wake of Senator Fernández Arévalos’ long career in the area of the promotion and dissemination of human rights and democratic values, which makes him truly worthy of this honor.
Accordingly, I would ask you kindly to transmit this nomination to the appropriate officials, in keeping with statutory requirements.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

Elisa Ruíz Díaz

Minister

Alternate Representative


His Excellency

Mr. César Gaviria Trujillo

Secretary General

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2003/AG02147d.pdf (Currículum Vitae candidato)

CANDIDACY FOR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR ON THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, FOR WHICH ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD

AT THE THIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY3
(Venezuela)
ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

WASHINGTON, D.C.

THE SECRETARY GENERAL

February 26, 2003



Excellency:
I have the honor to address Your Excellency to forward to you the note dated February 21, 2003, in which the Permanent Mission of Venezuela announces its Government’s decision to nominate Dr. Freddy Gutiérrez for membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, elections for which will be held at the thirty-third regular session of the General Assembly, to be held in Chile in June of this year.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

César Gaviria

His Excellency

Ambassador Arturo Duarte Ortiz

Permanent Representative of Guatemala to the

Organization of American States

Chair of the Permanent Council

Washington, D.C.



Permanent Mission of Venezuela

To the

Organization of American States

OEA-030


Washington, D.C. February 21, 2003

Excellency:


I have the honor to address Your Excellency to let you know that the National Government has decided to nominate Dr. Freddy Gutiérrez for membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), elections for which will be held at the thirty-third regular session of the General Assembly, to be held in Chile in June of this year.
The Government of Venezuela attaches considerable importance to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and considers that, with his experience (see Curriculum Vitae attached hereto) in the field of human rights, as a scholar and member of the National Constituent Assembly, Dr. Gutiérrez will contribute significantly to a better understanding of the current challenges facing the Commission in promoting and defending human rights in the Americas.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

Ilenia Medina

Counselor

Alternate Representative

In charge of the Mission

His Excellency,

César Gaviria

Secretary General

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.




http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2003/AG02147g.pdf (curriculum vitae)

CANDIDACIES FOR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR ON THE

INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, FOR WHICH

ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD AT THE THIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION

OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY4/
(United States)

http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2003/ag02077ec.pdf (cartas del Secretario General Adjunto y la Misión de los Estados Unidos)

http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2003/AG02147h.pdf (curriculum vitae)

CANDIDACIES FOR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR ON THE

INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS,

FOR WHICH ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD AT THE


THIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION

OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY5/


(El Salvador)
ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

WASHINGTON, D.C.

THE SECRETARY GENERAL

May 16, 2002


Excellency:


I have the honor to address Your Excellency to forward to you the note dated May 8, 2002, whereby the Permanent Mission of El Salvador announced that its government had decided to nominate Dr. Florentín Meléndez for membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in elections to be held at the thirty-third regular session of the General Assembly in Ecuador in 2003.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

César Gaviria


Her Excellency

Ambassador Margarita Escobar

Permanent Representative of El Salvador

to the Organization of American States

Chair of the Permanent Council

Washington, D.C.

PERMANENT MISSION OF EL SALVADOR

TO THE

ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

May 8, 2002

OEA-083-02

Excellency:


I have the honor to address Your Excellency to submit the nomination of Dr. Florentín Meléndez to serve as a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, from 2004 to 2007, in elections that will take place during the thirty-third regular session of the General Assembly in Ecuador in 2003.
You will find attached the candidate’s curriculum vitae, which draws attention to his advanced training in this field and his teaching experience and publications. It also underscores his ties with the inter-American system and the United Nations system in the area of human rights, his public and private endeavors in this sphere, his work with civil society organizations, and other accomplishments that depict his potential contribution to strengthening the competent human rights bodies.
In view of Dr. Meléndez’ record of strong commitment to the cause of human rights, the Government of El Salvador presents his candidacy as a contribution to the enhancement of the inter-American system for the protection and promotion of human rights.
I would appreciate it if you would arrange to have the member states informed of this excellent nomination.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

Margarita Escobar

Ambassador

Permanent Representative


His Excellency César Gaviria

Secretary General

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.
http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2003/AG02147k.pdf (curriculum vitae)

CANDIDACIES FOR VACANCIES THAT WILL OCCUR ON THE

INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS,

FOR WHICH ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD AT THE

THIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION

OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY6/


(Argentina)

http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2002/ag02038e.pdf

PERMANENT MISSION OF THE ARGENTINE REPUBLIC

TO THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

SG 337

The Permanent Mission of the Argentine Republic to the Organization of American States presents its compliments to the General Secretariat and informs it that the Argentine Government has decided to nominate Dr. Juan Méndez for reelection to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) in elections that will be held at the thirty-third regular session of the OAS General Assembly, in June 2003.
The Permanent Mission of the Argentine Republic to the Organization of American States avails itself of this opportunity to reiterate to the General Secretariat the assurances of its highest consideration.

Washington, D.C., August 22, 2002

General Secretariat of the

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

Juan E. Méndez

Center for Civil and Human Rights

140 Law School

University of Notre Dame

Notre Dame, IN 46556

(574)-631-7895


Education

Law Degree: Stella Maris Catholic University, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 1970.

Political Science Studies: Provincial University, Mar del Plata, 1969-1971.

Certificate: The American University, Washington College of Law, Washington, D.C. 1978-1980.


Membership in Professional Organizations
Colegio de Abogados de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, 1970.

Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación, Buenos Aires, 1970.

District of Columbia Court of Appeals, 1981.

District of Columbia Bar Association, 1981.

Association of the Bar of the City of New York, International Human Rights Committee, 1994.

American Bar Association, 1981.

Inter-American Bar Association, 1985.

International Commission of Jurists, 1982-1990.

Amnesty International, 1977 (Member, Board of Directors AI-USA, 1980-84, 1989-1990).

Washington Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, 1986-1992.

Washington Office on Latin America (Member, Board of Directors 1988-1994).

German Institute on Foreign Relations (Member, Board of Advisors, 1988-1992).

Defense for Children International - USA, Philadelphia (Member, Board of Directors, 1989-1993).

Center for Justice and International Law, Washington, D.C. (Founder and Vice-Chair, 1991-1996).

Asociación Gremial de Abogados (Mar del Plata chapter of an organization of human rights lawyers), Founder and Vice-President, 1971-1974.

Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales, Buenos Aires (Member, Advisory Council, 1995 to present).

International Center for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Montreal, Canada (Member, Advisory Board, 2000).

Inter-American Institute on Human Rights, San Jose, Costa Rica, member Board of Directors, 1999 to present.

World Organization Against Torture - U.S. Section, Washington (Member, Board of Directors, 1996 to 2000).

Fellow, Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, U. of Notre Dame, 1999 to present.

Fellow, Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace Studies, U. of Notre Dame, 1999 to present.

Visiting Fellow, Kellogg College, Oxford University, United Kingdom, 2002 to present.

Commissioner, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Organization of American States, elected for a four-year term (2000-2003); Second Vice-President in 2000, First Vice-President in 2001, President, 2002.
Work Experience
1970-1974: Private Practice, Mar del Plata, Argentina.

1973: Acting Dean, School of Economics, Provincial University, Mar

del Plata, Argentina.

1974: Legal Counsel. Technological University, Buenos Aires.

1974-1975: Private Practice, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Between 1970 and 1975 my law practice in Argentina was generally limited to labor law and defense of political prisoners. From August 1975 to February 1977 I was held in administrative detention under the state of siege.
1977-1978: Director, Centro Cristo Rey (Catholic Center for Hispanics) Aurora, Illinois.

1978-1981: Legal Assistant. Staff Attorney and Acting Director, Alien Rights Law Project, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, D.C.

1982 -1988: Director, Washington Office of Americas Watch.

1989 -1994: Executive Director, Americas Watch.

1994-August 1996: General Counsel, Human Rights Watch, New York.

Sept. 1996 – Oct. 1999: Executive Director, Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, San Jose, Costa Rica

Oct. 1999 – present: Professor of Law and Director, Center for Civil and Human Rights, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana
As a lawyer in the United States, I have had litigation experience in asylum law and in cases invoking the Alien Tort Claims Act, including Forti v. Suárez Mason, where I acted as co-counsel for plaintiffs seeking damages for “crimes against the law of nations” committed in Argentina. I have also participated in drafting briefs amicus curiae in human rights-related cases before United States courts. I represented victims of human rights violations in cases before the Inter-American Commission and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Teaching Experience
October 1999 to present: Professor of Law, University of Notre Dame Law School (International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law)

July 1997, July 1998, July 2000 and July 2001: Oxford Summer Programme on International Human Rights Law, George Washington University and Oxford University, England.

December 1997: Universidad Internacional de Andalucia, sede La Rabida; Masters program on Critical Legal Studies

January-May 1996: Visiting Fellow, Kellogg Institute, and Lecturer, School of Law, University of Notre Dame, Indiana.

January-June 1995: Lecturer in International Relations - International Law, School of Advanced International Studies. The Johns Hopkins University, Washington, D.C.

1992 - 1996: Adjunct Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C. (Seminar on International Human Rights Protection and Litigation).

1990-1998: Aspen Institute, Wye, Maryland, Seminar on International Law of Human Rights for Judges, directed by Professor Louis Henkin.

1996-1999: Lecturer in various courses sponsored by the Inter-American Institute on Human Rights throughout Latin America and the Caribbean

1996-1999: Lecturer and Director of three consecutive Annual Inter-Disciplinary Courses on Human Rights, Inter-American Institute on Human Rights, San Jose, Costa Rica.

1971-1974: Associate Professor, Political Science, School of Law, Stella Maris Catholic University, Mar del Plata, Argentina.



Publications

Co-editor (with Guillermo O’Donnell and Paulo Sergio Pinheiro), La (in)efectividad de la ley y la exclusion en America Latina, Paidos, Buenos Aires, 2002


“Avances del Sistema Interamericano sobre las Obligaciones de los Estados,” and “El Caso Barrios Altos, Peru,” in Justicia para las Victimas en el siglo XXI, Due Process of Law Foundation (Washington) and IDHUCA (San Salvador), 2002
“La accion del Congreso y las obligaciones internacionales de la Argentina en materia de derechos humanos,” (with Gaston Chillier), in El Caso Bussi, Jorge Pedro Busti et al, editors, Argentine Senate, Buenos Aires, 2002
“Human Rights Policy in the Age of Terrorism,” St. Louis U. Law J., Vol. 46, No. 2, Spring 2002
Co-editor (with Martín Abregú and Javier Mariezcurrena), Verdad y Justicia, volume in tribute to Emilio F. Mignone, by IIHR and CELS, San Jose and Buenos Aires, 2001. In that volume: La justicia penal internacional, la paz y la reconciliación nacional.

Comentario Académico (note) on In Re Pinochet, Iudicium et Vita, special edition, IIDH, San Jose, Costa Rica, No. 7, December 2000.



Ethical and Humanitarian Concerns Add a New Dimension to International Security in the Post-Cold War World, Notre Dame J. Of Law, Ethics &Public Policy, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2000.
National Reconciliation, Transitional Justice and the International Criminal Court, in Ethics & International Affairs (Review of the Carnegie Council on International Affairs), Vol. 15, Number 1, 2001.
The Cavallo Case: A New Test for Universal Jurisdiction (with Salvador Tinajero-Esquivel), in Human Rights Brief, newsletter of the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, The American University, Washington, D.C., Vol. 8, Issue 3, Spring 2001.
Solutions: Human Rights Verification and Accountability (with Francisco J. Cox), in Human Rights and Forced Displacement (Vol. 4 in series on Refugees and Human Rights), Anne F. Bayefsky and Joan Fitzpatrick, eds., Martinus Nihoff, The Hague, 2000
Sistema Interamericano, Impunidad y Jurisdicción Universal: El Caso Pinochet (with Javier Mariezcurrena), ¿Más Derecho?, Año 1, No. 1, November 2000, Di Placido, Buenos Aires.
Comments on “From Minors to Citizens”, in The Child in Latin America: Health, Development and Rights, Ernest Bartell, CSC and Alejandro O’Donnell, eds., U. of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, 2001
International Human Rights Law, International Humanitarian Law, and International Criminal Law and Procedure: New Relationships, in International Crimes, Peace, and Human Rights: The Role of the International Criminal Court, Dinah Shelton, ed., Transnational, Ardsley, NY, 2000.
Latin American Experiences of Accountability, in The Politics of Memory: Truth, Healing and Social Justice, Ifi Amadiume and Abdullahi An-Na’im, eds., Zed Books, London and New York, 2000.
Derechos y Deberes Civiles y Políticos (with Helena M. Olea), entry in Diccionario Electoral, IIDH, San Jose, Costa Rica, 2000
Reflections on the Consolidation of Democracy and Human Rights in Latin America, (with Javier Mariezcurrena), Human Rights: New Perspectives, New Realities, A Pollis, P. Schwab, Eds.; Lynne Reinner Publishers, Boulder-London, 2000.
The Inter-American System of Protection: Its Contributions to the International Law of Human Rights, Realizing Human Rights: Moving From Inspiration to Impact, Samantha Power and Graham Allison, Eds., Human Rights Initiative, John F. Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University; St. Martin's Press, New York, 2000.
No Relativizar los Derechos Humanos (with Gastón Chillier), in Hechos y Derechos, The Journal of the Argentine Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, Buenos Aires, No. 7, Fall 2000.
Reconciling Amnesties with Universal Jurisdiction (with Garth Meintjes), in International Law Forum, The Review of the International Law Association, The Hague, Kluwer, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2000.
La Cláusula Democrática y el Derecho Interamericano (with Gastón Chillier), in Apuntes de Derecho (Law Review of the School of Law, Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile), VI, Autumn 2000.
Accountability for Past Human Rights Violations: Contributions of the Inter-American Organs of Protection (with Javier Mariezcurrena), in Social Justice, Special Edition on Shadows of State Terrorism: Impunity in Latin America, by Patrice McSherry and Raúl.Molina, Eds., Vol. 26, No. 4, 1999;
Co-editor (with Denis Racicot and Javier Mariezcurrena), special issue of Revue Québécoise de Droit International, with the Inter-American Institute on Human Rights, on the 50th Anniversary of the American Declaration on the Rights and Duties of Man, Vol. 11.1, 1998
Human Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean: A regional perspective, (with Javier Mariezcurrena), Human Development Report 2000: “Human Rights and Human Development”, Background Papers, United Nations Development Programme, published in Spanish and English by UNDP and Inter-American Court of Human Rights, San Jose, Costa Rica, 2000 ( English version also published in CCHR Occasional Papers No. 12, Notre Dame, 2000).
El Instituto Interamericano de Derechos Humanos y la Libertad de Expresión en América Latina y El Caribe, Cuadernos de Capel, IIHR, San Jose, 1999.
Co-Editor (with Francisco J. Cox), El Futuro del Sistema Interamericano de Proteccion de los Derechos Humanos, IIHR, San Jose, 1998, 2nd. Edition, 1999. In that volume: Una aproximación crítica a la interpretación vigente de los Arts. 50 y 51 de la Convención.
La lucha por la verdad y la Justicia: aportes latinoamericanos a principios universales, (with Javier Mariezcurrena), Social Science Research Council, Program on Collective Memory, (forthcoming);
The Un-Rule of Law and the Underprivileged in Latin America, (co-editor with Guillermo O’Donnell and Paulo Sergio Pinheiro), U. of Notre Dame, 1999 (Portuguese version by Paz e Terra, Sao Paulo, 2000; Spanish version by Paidós, Buenos Aires, forthcoming).
“The Right to Truth”, in Nouvelles Ëtudes Pénales, Reining in Impunity for International Crimes and Serious Violations of Fundamental Rights, Christopher Joyner and M. Cherif Bassiouni, eds., Association Internationale de Droit Pénal, érès, 1998.
“La Relación entre el Ombudsman y el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos,” en Memoria II Congreso Anual de la Federación Iberoamericana del Ombudsman, FIO, Madrid, 1998, and also in Debate Defensorial (Review of the Peruvian Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman), No. 1, September 1998.
“Relativismo y Universalidad de los Derechos Humanos,” (with Francisco Cox), in Lecciones y Ensayos (law review of the University of Buenos Aires), 1998.
“Responsabilización por los Abusos del Pasado” in Metodología para una Comisión de la Verdad en Guatemala, ODHA, Guatemala, 1996; in Relaciones Internacionales (Review of the University of La Plata, Argentina), Año 7, No. 13, June-November 1997; and in Presente y futuro de los Derechos Humanos: Ensayos en Honor a Fernando Volio, Lorena Gonzalez, ed., IIDH, San Jose, 1998
“Derecho a la Verdad frente a las Graves Violaciones a los Derechos Humanos,” in La Aplicación de los Tratados sobre Derechos Humanos por los Tribunales Locales, Martín Abregú and Cristián Courtis, eds., CELS, Buenos Aires, 1997; republished in Peru: 1980-2000, El Reto de la Verdad y la Justicia, APRODEH, Lima, 2001.
“Accountability for Past Abuses,” in Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 19, Number 2, May 1997, and in Working Papers, No. 233, Kellogg Institute, University of Notre Dame, September 1996.
“In Defense of Transitional Justice,” in Transitional Justice and the Rule of Law in New Democracies, A. James McAdams, ed., University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame and London, 1997
“Afterword”, in Verbitsky, Horacio, The Flight: Confessions of an Argentine Dirty Warrior, New Press, New York, 1996

“Visión Internacional de la Reforma de 1994,” in Jerarquía Constitucional de los Tratados Internacionales, Juan Carlos Vega, ed., Astrea, Buenos Aires, 1996.


“Freedom of Expression and National Security in the Inter-American System of Protection” (with J.M. Vivanco, V. Krsticevic and D. Porter) in Secrecy and Liberty: National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information (Sandra Coliver, Paul Hoffman, Joan Fitzpatrick and Stephen Bowen, eds.), Article XIX - Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague and London, 1999.
“Peace, Human Rights and Accountability: The Need for a New Doctrine on International Intervention,” in Human Rights Brief, Vol. 2, No. 3, Spring 1995; Point-Counterpoint Series, Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Washington College of Law, The American University, Washington, D.C.
“Identifying and Prosecuting War Crimes: Two Case Studies – The Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda,” in New York Law School Journal of Human Rights (Fifth Annual Ernst C. Steifel Symposium), Vol. XII Part Three Symposium 1995
“La Participación de la Víctima ante la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos,” in La Corte y el Sistema Interamericanos de Derechos Humanos (in honor of 15th Anniversary of Inter-American Court of Human Rights), Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, San José, Costa Rica, 1994.
“Acknowledgement, Truth and Justice: Argentina,” and “Prosecution: Who and For What?,” in Dealing with the Past: Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa, Alex Boraine et al, (eds.), IDASA, Cape Town, 1994.
“Prólogo,” in Sistema Interamericano para la Protección de los Derechos Humanos: Aportes para una Evaluación, ILSA, Bogota, 1994.
“Medidas de Protección para Testigos en Casos ante la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos,” (with J.M. Vivanco), in Revista IIDH, No. 19, January-July 1994.
“La Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos,” in Espacios Internacionales para la Justicia Colombiana, Vol. II, Comisión Andina de Juristas - Seccional Colombiana, Bogotá, 1992.
“La competencia consultiva de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos,” in Espacios Internacionales para la Justicia Colombiana, Vol. III, CAJ-SC, Bogotá, 1993.
“Amicus Curiae sobre la Interpretación del Art. 4, Pfo. 2 in fine y Pfo. 3 de la Convención Americana de Derechos Humanos: OC-14,” (con J.M. Vivanco y V. Krsticevic) in Revista IIDH, No. 18, July-December 1993, San José, Costa Rica.
“A Better Way to Fight Drugs,” in World Monitor (Boston), January 1992
Book Review of Lawrence Weschler, “A Miracle, A Universe,” in New York .Law School Journal of Human Rights, Vol. VIII, Part Two, Spring 1991.
“The Panama Invasion and the Laws of War,” (with Kenneth Anderson), Terrorism and Political Violence, London, Volume 2, Autumn 1990, Number 3.

“Disappearances and the Inter-American Court: Reflections on a Litigation Experience,” (with José Miguel Vivanco), Hamline Law Review, Volume 13, Summer 1990, Number 3.


“Some Patterns of Violations of the Independence of Judges and Lawyers,” in International Protection of the Independence of the Judicial Process, Proceedings of the 76th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, April 21-24, 1982.
With Friends Like These, The Americas Watch Report on Human Rights and U.S. Policy in Latin America, Cynthia Brown, editor, Pantheon, New York, 1985.
Human Rights in El Salvador, Roberto Alvarez, ed., Report by Americas Watch and American Civil Liberties Union, Vintage, New York, 1982.
“Human Rights in Nicaragua: The Truth and How to Find it and Report it,” in Herausforderung im Hinterof, Jochen Hippler et al, editors, Peter Hammer Veriag, Wuppertal (FRG), 1986.
“Employer Sanctions and other Labor Market Restrictions on Alien Employment: The ´Scorched Earth´Approach to Immigration Control” (with Charles D. Smith); N.C. Journal of International Law / Comm. Regulation, Volume 6, Winter 1980, Number 1.
“La Participación de la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en los Conflictos entre los Miskitos y el Gobierno de Nicaragua,” in Human Rights in the Americas, Organization of American States, Washington D.C., 1984.
The Drug War in Colombia: The Neglected Tragedy of Political Violence, An Americas Watch Report, New York, October 1990. (Spanish version by Tercer Mundo Editores, Bogota, April 1991).
Truth and Partial Justice in Argentina, Second Edition with An Update, Human Rights Watch, New York, May 1991. (Spanish version by CELS, Buenos Aires, 1991).
“Protección Internacional Contra la Tortura,” in Paz, Tarea de Todos (magazine of the Centro de Estudios y Acción para la Paz), Año II, No. 10, Lima Perú, November-December 1988.
Several other reports for Americas Watch on Human Rights in Argentina, Colombia, Nicaragua, Perú, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras; 1982-1992.
Several opinion articles in The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, The Miami Herald, Legal Times (Washington), El Diario - La Prensa (New York), Página 12 (Buenos Aires) and other publications.
Awards
Inaugural "Monsignor Oscar A. Romero Award for Leadership in Service to Human Rights," University of Dayton (Ohio, USA), April 2000.
“Reverend William M. Lewers, C.S.C. International Award for Distinguished Services in Civil and Human Rights,” Notre Dame University Law School, 1998
The Trial Lawyers for Public Justice Foundation, Award for Public Interest Litigation for Rapaport v. Suarez Mason, Oakland, CA, 1989.
“Juarez-Lincoln Award,” New York, September 7, 1985, Hispanic National Bar Association.
Hispanic Bar Association of Pennsylvania and HBAP Legal Educational Fund, Philadelphia, December 7, 1988.
1992 Peace Lecture, The Sidwell Friends School, Washington, “Human Rights: The Content of Peace”.
Honorary Membership, Equipo Argentino de Antropología Forense, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1987.
Servicio de Paz y Justicia para América Latina (SERPAJ), Buenos Aires, Premio en Derechos Humanos, January 1992.

Personal
Born on December 11, 1944 in Lomas de Zamora, Argentina. Married with three children. Twice imprisoned in Argentina for political and professional activities. Adopted by Amnesty International as a “Prisoner of Conscience” in 1976.

CANDIDACIES FOR VACANCIES ON THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION

ON HUMAN RIGHTS, FOR WHICH ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD

AT THE THIRTY-THIRD REGULAR SESSION

OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY7/
(Brazil)

Organization of American States

Washington, D.C.

THE Assistant Secretary General

February 28, 2003

Excellency:


I have the honor of addressing Your Excellency to transmit a note, dated February 28, 2003, in which the Permanent Mission of Brazil announces its Government’s decision to present the candidacy of Professor Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro for membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, for which elections will take place at the thirty-third regular session of the General Assembly, this June, in Chile.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

Luigi R. Einaudi

in charge of the General Secretariat

His Excellency

Ambassador Víctor Hugo Godoy Morales

Permanent Representative of Guatemala to the

Organization of American States

Chair of the Permanent Council

Washington, D.C.

Permanent Mission of brazil

to the

Organization of American States

Washington, February 28, 2003

No. 56
Excellency:
I have the honor of addressing Your Excellency in connection with the vacancies that will occur on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the elections that will be held at the thirty-third regular session of the OAS General Assembly.
The Government of Brazil has the honor to present the candidacy of Professor Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro for membership on the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. Professor Pinheiro, former Secretary of State for Human Rights of Brazil, is a member of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (2002-2004), which he has served as chairman, vice-chairman, and rapporteur. At present he is also the United Nations Special Rapporteur for Myanmar. Previously he served as United Nations Special Rapporteur for Burundi (1995-1999). He was appointed by the UN Secretary-General as his special representative to conduct a study on violence against children. He has published various books, essays, and articles on human rights, violence, and social history. A copy of his curriculum vitae is attached.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

Valter Pecly Moreira

Ambassador

Permanent Representative of Brazil

His Excellency

César Gavirina

Secretary General

Organization of American States



http://scm.oas.org/pdfs/2003/AG02147n.pdf
ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

Regular Fund



Report on Compliance with Quota Payments

according to AG/RES. 1757 (XXX-O/00)
The member states which were current with payments of their assessments to the Regular Fund as of April 30, 2003, pursuant to AG/RES. 1757 (XXX-O/00), were:
1. Current: Member states up to date with all payments to the Regular Fund, in accordance with their obligations to pay quota assessments on January 1 of the Organization’s fiscal period:

Bahamas

Guyana

Belize

Honduras

Canada

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Chile

Trinidad and Tobago


  1. Considered Current:




  1. Member states whose arrears are less than two years old, and who are in compliance with a schedule of payments agreed upon with the Secretary General:



Antigua and Barbuda
Haiti*
Costa Rica
Mexico
Dominican Republic*
Nicaragua*

  1. Member states whose arrears are the result of special circumstances beyond their control as determined by the Permanent Council in each case, and for a specific period, at each state’s well-founded request:



None

3. Not Current: Member states that do not fall under categories 1 or 2 above:



Argentina

Jamaica

Barbados

Panama

Bolivia

Paraguay

Brazil

Peru

Colombia

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Dominica, Commonwealth of

Saint Lucia

Ecuador

Suriname

El Salvador

United States

Grenada

Uruguay

Guatemala

Venezuela



4. Years in arrears:1/










Member state




Years in arrears










ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA




0.00

ARGENTINA




1.97

BAHAMAS, COMM. OF




0.00

BARBADOS




0.00

BELIZE




0.00

BOLIVIA




5.23

BRAZIL




0.00

CANADA




0.00

CHILE




0.00

COLOMBIA




0.00

C

OSTA RICA






0.00

DOMINICA, COMM. OF




0.00

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC




9.29

ECUADOR




0.00

EL SALVADOR




0.00

GRENADA




0.00

GUATEMALA




0.00

GUYANA




0.00

HAITI




1.39

HONDURAS




0.00

JAMAICA




0.00

MEXICO




0.00

NICARAGUA




11.92

PANAMA




0.00

PARAGUAY




1.75

PERU




0.00

SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS




0.00

SAINT LUCIA




0.00

SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

0.00

SURINAME




3.99

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO




0.00

UNITED STATES




0.00

URUGUAY




1.61

VENEZUELA




0.00






















1. This document was previously published as AG/CP/INF.515/02 add. 6.

2. This document was previously published as AG/CP/INF/515/02 add. 2.

3. This document was previously published as AG/CP/INF.515/03 add. 3.

4. This document was previously published as AG/CP/INF.515/02 add. 5.

5. This document was previously published as AG/CP/INF.515/02.

6. This document was previously published as AG/CP/INF.515/03 add. 1.

7. This document was previously published as AG/CP/INF.515/02 add. 4.

This member state has arrears that exceed two years but has a payment schedule with the Secretary General that was agreed upon prior to the adoption of resolution AG/RES. 1757; or otherwise approved by the Permanent Council.

1. This calculation is based on the following: For reports dated January 1-April 30, arrears include amounts owed for the previous and prior years; for reports dated May 1-December 31, arrears include amounts owed for the current fiscal year and prior years.



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