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Simple past regular verbs


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ENGLISH I

Past Tenses


SIMPLE PAST

Estudia bien la forma de este tiempo verbal que, a veces, no se corresponde con el español.

SIMPLE PAST

Regular verbs: base+ed
e.g. walked, showed, watched, played, smiled, stopped

Irregular verbs: consulta la lista de verbos irregulares

Simple past, be, have, do:

Subject

Verb

Be

Have

Do

I

was

had

did

You

were

had

did

He, she, it

was

had

did

We

were

had

did

You

were

had

did

They

were

had

did

Affirmative
a. I was in Japan last year
b. She had a headache yesterday.
c. We did our homework last night.

Negative and interrogative
Para la forma negativa e interrogativa de "do" como verbo léxico, usa el auxiliar "do",: “We didn't do our homework last night”. La negativa e interrogativa de "have" en el pasado simple está formada habitualmente por el auxiliar "do". A veces se usa la forma hadn’t .

  • They weren't in Rio last summer.

  • We hadn't any money.

  • We didn't have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.

  • We didn't do our exercises this morning.

  • Were they in Iceland last January?

  • Did you have a bicycle when you were a boy?

  • Did you do much climbing in Switzerland?

Simple past, regular verbs

Affirmative

Subject

verb + ed




I

washed




Negative

Subject

did not

infinitive without to

They

didn't

visit ...

Interrogative

Did

subject

infinitive without to

Did

she

arrive...?

Interrogative negative

Did not

subject

infinitive without to

Didn't

you

like..?

Example: to walk, simple past.

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I walked

I didn't walk

Did I walk?

You walked

You didn't walk

Did you walk?

He,she,it walked

He didn't walk

Did he walk?

We walked

We didn't walk

Did we walk?

You walked

You didn't walk

Did you walk?

They walked

They didn't walk

Did they walk?

IMPORTANTE para la forma negativa e interrogativa de todos los verbos en pasado simple, siempre se usa el auxiliar 'did''.

Examples: Simple past, irregular verbs



to go
a. He went to a club last night.
b. Did he go to the cinema last night?
c. He didn't go to bed early last night.

to give
d. We gave her a doll for her birthday.
e. They didn't give John their new address.
f. Did Barry give you my passport?

to come
g. My parents came to visit me last July.
h. We didn't come because it was raining.
i. Did he come to your party last week?

2. Simple past, function

Este tiempo se usa para hablar de una acción completa en un tiempo anterior al actual. La duración no es importante. El tiempo en el que transcurre la acción puede ser reciente o más distante con respecto al presente.



  • John Cabot sailed to America in 1498.

  • My father died last year.

  • He lived in Fiji in 1976.

  • We crossed the Channel yesterday.

Siempre se usa este tiempo cuando se dice cuándo (when) ocurrió algo, por lo tanto está asociado a ciertas expresiones de pasado.

Examples:



  • a definite point in time:
    last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago.

  • an indefinite point in time:
    the other day, ages ago, a long time ago etc.

AGO es una preposición que significa “hace” y se coloca siempre después del periodo de tiempo: a week ago, three years ago, a minute ago.

Examples:

a. Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
b. She finished her work at seven o'clock.
c. We saw a good film last week.
d. I went to the theatre last night.
e. She played the piano when she was a child.
f. He sent me a letter six months ago.
g. Peter left five minutes ago.

PAST CONTINUOUS

1. Past continuous - form.

Este tiempo se compone de dos partes: el pasado simple del verbo “to be” (was/were), y la base del verbo principal +ing.



Subject

was/were

base-ing

They

were

watching



Affirmative

She

was

reading

Negative

She

wasn't

reading

Interrogative

Was

she

reading?

Interrogative negative

Wasn't

she

reading?

Example: to play, past continuous

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I was playing

I was not playing

Was I playing?

You were playing

You were not playing

Were you playing?

He, she, it was playing

She wasn't playing

Was she playing?

We were playing

We weren't playing

Were we playing?

You were playing

You weren't playing

Were you playing?

They were playing

They weren't playing

Were they playing?

2. Past continuous, function

El pasado continuo describe acciones o acontecimientos en un tiempo anterior al actual, que empezó en el pasado y seguía sucediendo en el momento de hablar. En otras palabras, expresa una acción incompleta o inacabada en el pasado

Se usa:


  • con frecuencia, para describir cualquier situación de una historia contada en pasado, : "The sun was shining and the birds were singing as the elephant came out of the jungle. The other animals were relaxing in the shade of the trees, but the elephant moved very quickly. She was looking for her baby, and she didn't notice the hunter who was watching her through his binoculars. When the shot rang out, she was running towards the river..."

  • para describir una acción sin acabar que fue interrumpida por otra acción o acontecimiento: "I was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang."

  • para expresar un cambio de planes: "I was going to spend the day at the beach but I've decided to go on an excursion instead."

  • con el verbo 'wonder', para hacer una petición muy formal: "I was wondering if you could baby-sit for me tonight."

More examples:

a. They were waiting for the bus when the accident happened.


b. Caroline was skiing when she broke her leg.
c. When we arrived he was having a bath.
d. When the fire started I was watching television.
EXERCISES
1.- PUT THE VERBS INTO THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE.
1. I go to work every day.

2. He always wears black.

3. I don’t make the cakes.

4. She gets up at 6.30.

5. He understands me.

6. They don’t have lunch at 1.0

7. She speaks slowly.

8. He leaves the house at 9.0

9. He often falls.

10. I read a chapter every night.

11. You eat too much.

12. Tom sings very well.

13. He cries when he is at home.

14. Who knows the answer?

15. He takes the dog out twice a day.
2.- MAKE SENTENCES AS IN THE EXAMPLE.
You (see) Ann? > Did you see Ann?

Yes, I saw her yesterday.


1. You (sell) your car? .................. ...................

2. They (speak) to Jack? .................. ...................

3. He (drink) the wine? .................. ...................

4. You (drive) the car? .................. ...................

5. She (learn) the verbs? .................. ...................

6. He (find) the keys? .................. ...................

7. She (give) him the book? .................. ...................

8. You (make) your bed? .................. ...................

9. They (buy) some apples? .................. ...................

10. She (go) to school? .................. ...................

11. She (see) the play? .................. ...................

12. You (get) lost? .................. ...................



3.- CORRECT THE MISTAKES.

Johnny gots up early on Saturday morning. He haved a shower and put his clothes on. He don't put his suit on when he isn't working. He opened his drawer and tooked out his trousers. He put his suit in the wardrobe, and then closed the wardrobe door.

He gone downstairs and turned on the radio. He wantid to hear the weather forecast. What was the weather like? The forecast were good -sunshine, clear skies, and high temperatures. Johnny was pleased about this. Then he turned the radio off and went into the kitchen for breakfast.

After breakfast he ranged Mary. He tolds her the forecast was good and asked her about the food for the picnic. She askied him to do the shoping because she were busy.

So Johnny went to the supermarket and boughted some cheese, ham and tomato sandwiches, some cakes and some fruit. After that he gone to the off-licence and boughted some drinks.

At two o'clock Johnny got off the bus outside the Town Hall. He haved his bag with him with the sandwiches, drinks, and the rest of the food. The others were not there yet. Johnny was the first. It were a very hot afternoon.

After about three minutes, Sheila and Mike arrived. Mike haved a picnic basket with a cold chicken in it, some French bread and a bottle of wine. They waited for another two minutes and then Mary appeareds. She looked very beautiful. They all walked down to the bridge and hired a boat for the afternoon.
NOW ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS.
1. What does Johnny wear at work?
2. What was the weather forecast?
3. Johnny bought some drinks - where?
4. What was the weather like in the afternoon?
5. Who arrived last at the Town Hall?

4.- COMPLETE THE TEXT WITH THE FOLLOWING VERBS.

(Use the simple past)


shout write ask speak get not walk

walk break sit take fall not work

drink drive not stop hit

Yesterday Mr Brown went to London by train with his friend Mr Fred Brook. They 1......... off at Victoria Station. Mr Brown was late; he 2.............from the station to his office, but he 3 ..... a taxi.

His taxi came round a corner near the Houses of Parliament and a car ran into it. Some windows 4 ......... and a wheel of the taxi came off. Mr Brown 5......... and 6 … his head on the door. The car 7 .............. ; it 8......... away. A policeman shouted to the driver, but the car did not stop.

Mr Brown got out of the taxi. The policeman 9......... to Mr Brown and to the taxi-driver; he was very angry. He 10......... the number of the car in his little black book; the number was XYZ 123. The taxi-driver was angry too; he 11.......... and waved his arms.

The policeman 12 ........... a lot of questions. Then Mr Brown 13........... to his office. He is the manager of a bank. There he 14........ on a chair and 15........... a cup of tea. He 16 ........... that morning.


5.- Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or Past simple.
This is our dog, Sam. He 1 (be) … a small white and black dog with a lovely face. Every day my son Tommy 2 (take) … him for a walk to the park. He 3 (run) … everywhere and 4 (play) … with his ball. When they 5 (come back) … he 6 (eat) … his food and then he 7 (have) … a rest. At night he 8 (sleep) … on a rug near my son’s bed. One day last year Tommy 9 (take) … him for a walk but he 10 (lose) … him. He 11 (not be) … anywhere. Tommy 12 (come) … home and 13 (tell) …. us. We 14 (search) … the park and then we 15 (go) … to the police. A few days later a policeman 16 (come) … to our house. Sam 17 (be) … with him. We 18 (be) … all very happy to see him back home.
6.- USING THE NOTES WRITE A PARAGRAPH ABOUT THE PICTURE. USE THE SIMPLE CONTINUOUS.




MARY – LOOK AT – SAM AND LUC

SAM AND LUC – WATCH

LOLA AND TOM – DANCE

RORY AND ANDY – HAVE A DRINK AND TALK

STEVE – EAT

PETER – DRINK -

SUSAN – GUITAR

PAUL AND CHARLY – TALK
These people were having a party. Mary was looking at Sam and Luc and having a drink while they were
7.- PUT THE VERB IN BRACKETS INTO PAST CONTINUOUS OR PAST SIMPLE.
Last night I 1 (have) … a wonderful dream. This is what I 2 (dream) … . We 3 (have) … a holiday in Bahamas. I 4 (be) … with my friends. We 5 (be) … on a ship. And on the ship there 6 (be) … a disco. We 7 (sit) … on comfortable seats and we 8 (drink) … fruit juices. A lot of people 9 (dance) … . We 10 (have) .. . a lot of fun! When the ship 11 (arrive) … , a man 12 (wait) … to take us to our hotel. The hotel where we 13 (stay) … was very nice and comfortable. There were people on the beach 14 (sing) …

and 15 (dance) … to the music. The music 16 (get) … louder and louder until I 17 (can) … hear a ringing in my ears. It was my alarm clock! Seven o’clock and time to go to work!


Check your answers
Check your answers
1.- past tense
1. Went

2. Wore


3. Didn’t make

4. Got


5. Understood

6. Didn’t have

7. Spoke

8. Left


9. Fell

10. Read


11. Ate

12. Sang


13. Cried / was

14. Knew


15. Took
2.- make sentences.
1. Did you sell your car? Yes, I sold it yesterday.

2. Did they speak to Jack? Yes, they spoke to him yesterday.

3. Did he drink the wine? Yes, he drank it last night.

4. Did you drive the car? Yes, I drove it yesterday.

5. Did she learn the verbs? Yes, she learned them last week.

6. Did he find the keys? Yes, he found them yesterday.

7. Did she give him the book? Yes, she gave it to him yesterday.

8. Did you make your bed? Yes, I made it this morning.

9. Did they buy some apples? Yes, they bought them last Monday.

10. Did she go to school? Yes, she went yesterday.

11. Did she see the play? Yes, she saw it two days ago.

12. Did you get lost? Yes, I got lost on Sunday.



3.- correct the mistakes.

Johnny got up early on Saturday morning. He had a shower and put his clothes on. He doesn’t put his suit on when he isn't working. He opened his drawer and took out his trousers. He put his suit in the wardrobe, and then closed the wardrobe door.

He went downstairs and turned on the radio. He wanted to hear the weather forecast. What was the weather like? The forecast was good -sunshine, clear skies, and high temperatures. Johnny was pleased about this. Then he turned the radio off and went into the kitchen for breakfast.

After breakfast he rang Mary. He told her the forecast was good and asked her about the food for the picnic. She asked him to do the shopping because she was busy.

So Johnny went to the supermarket and bought some cheese, ham and tomato sandwiches, some cakes and some fruit. After that he went to the off-licence and bought some drinks.

At two o'clock Johnny got off the bus outside the Town Hall. He had his bag with him with the sandwiches, drinks, and the rest of the food. The others were not there yet. Johnny was the first. It was a very hot afternoon.

After about three minutes, Sheila and Mike arrived. Mike had a picnic basket with a cold chicken in it, some French bread and a bottle of wine. They waited for another two minutes and then Mary appeared. She looked very beautiful. They all walked down to the bridge and hired a boat for the afternoon.
1. What does Johnny wear at work? He usually wears a suit.
2. What was the weather forecast? The weather forecast was very good.
3. Johnny bought some drinks - where? At the off-licence.
4. What kind of shop is that? It is a shop where they only sell alcoholic drinks.
5. Who arrived last at the Town Hall? Mary did.

4.- complete the text.
1. got 2. didn’t walk 3. took 4. broke 5. fell 6. hit

7. didn’t stop 8. drove 9. spoke 10. wrote 11. shouted

12. asked 13. walked 14. sat 15. drank 16. didn’t work
5.- present simple or past simple.
1- is 2- takes 3- runs 4- plays 5- come back 6- eats 7- has 8- sleeps 9- took 10- lost 11- wasn’t 12- came

13- told 14- searched 15- went 16- came 17- was

18- were
6.- write a paragraph
while they were watching TV. Lola and Tom were dancing. Rory and Andy were having a drink and having a conversation. Steve was eating a piece of cake while Paul and Charley were talking to each other. While Susan was playing the guitar, Peter was drinking from a bottle.
7.- past simple or past continuous.
1- Had 2- dreamt 3- were having 4- was 5- were 6- was 7- were sitting 8- were drinking 9- were dancing 10- were having

11- arrived 12- was waiting 13- stayed 14- singing 15- dancing



16- was getting 17- could






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