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Relative pronouns – Practice answer key

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1. Join each pair of sentences using relative pronouns:
1. That´s the woman. She works in the post office / That’s the woman who works in the post office
2. The man wasn´t English. He spoke to us / The man who spoke to us wasn’t English
3. He´s the man. He painted my house / He’s the man who painted my house
4. What is the name of the boy? He telephoned you / What’s the name of the boy who telephoned you?
5. What´s happened to the money? It was on my desk / What’s happened to the money which was on my desk?
6. They´re the people. They offered Sue a job / They’re the people who offered Sue a job
7. The car has now been found. It was stolen / The car which was stolen has now been found
8. She´s the person. She gives me a lift to work every morning / She’s the person who gives me a lift to work every morning
9. The lock has now been repaired. It was broken / The lock which was broken has now been repaired
10. Most of the people are very nice. They work in Peter´s office / Most of the people who work in Peter’s office are very nice

2. Complete the sentences using relative pronouns. If it is possible to omit these, write them in brackets:
1. I can´t find the envelopes .....(which, that)...... I bought this morning
2. Have you seen the film ......which, that...... is on TV tonight?
3. John Murray is the man ...who, that... owns the Grand Hotel
4. The man ....(who, that).... we spoke to wasn´t very nice
5. This is the sweater ...(which, that)...I bought on Saturday
6. What is the name of the company ...(which, that)... you work for?
7. A bi-lingual person is someone ...who, that... can speak two languages equally well
8. Who´s that boy ....(who, that).... Sally is dancing with?
9. Are these all the letters ....which, that.... came in this morning´s post?
10. Have you found the money ...(which, that)... you lost?
11. The people ...who, that... used to live in that house have moved.
12. I don´t like films ...which, that... are very violent

3. Add comas where necessary:
1. Robert´s parents , who are both retired , now live in Spain

2. The people who live next door helped us to move the furniture

3. Have you still got the money that I gave you?

4. Sydney , which has a population of more than three million , is Australia´s largest city

5. Peter´s sister , who I´ve known for years , is a very nice person

6. We saw Sue last night with that man who works in the library

7. The chair that was broken has now been repaired

4. Join each pair of sentences using WHOSE:
1. I know someone. His mother is an opera singer / I know someone whose mother is an opera singer
2. She´s the woman. Her husband teaches at Ann´s school / She’s the woman whose husband teaches at Ann’s school
3. He´s the man. His flat was broken into / He’s the man whose flat was broken into
4. They´re the couple. Their children were injured in the accident / They’re the couple whose children were injured in the accident
5. That´s the girl. Her friend lent me the money / That’s the girl whose friend lent me the money
6. I´m the person. My credit cards were stolen / I’m the person whose credit cards were stolen
7. Are you the one? Your mother phoned the police / Are you the one whose mother phoned the police?
5. Put the correct relative adverb in the blank spaces:
1. I am asking you the reason ...why... you did that

2. This is the field ...where... we had a picnic last year

3. Tell me the reason ...why... you haven´t done your homework

4. We don´t know the date ...when... we shall start our holiday

5. They showed me the room ...where... the murder took place

6. I can remember a time ....when.... there was no television

7. The place ....where.... we spent the weekend was very nice

8. What´s the name of that restaurant ...where... we had that delicious lunch?

6. Complete the sentences using a relative adverb:
1. This is the place ....where the president used to spend the summer

2. Can you remember the time .... when we didn’t have mobiles?

3. Cartagena is a town .... where you can visit important archaeological sites

4. I couldn´t tell him the reason .... why I didn’t answer his phone calls

7. Join these pairs of sentences into one using relative pronouns:
1. Butterflies are one of the world´s most beautiful animals. They can be found in most countries / Butterflies, which can be found in most countries, are one of the world’s most beautiful animals
2. I´ve brought you the photographs. I told you about them / I’ve brought you the photographs (which, that) I told you about
3. Charles Baker died yesterday. He was famous for his views on world disarmament / Charles Baker, who was famous for his views on world disarmament, died yesterday
4. The woman was arrested. She stole my wallet / The woman who stole my wallet was arrested
5. A microwave is an oven. This oven cooks food very quickly / A microwave is an oven which cooks food very quickly
6. I particularly wanted to test a model. This model had just been sold / I particularly wanted to test a model which had just been sold
7. The man is still in hospital. His shop was burgled / The man whose shop was burgled is still in hospital
8. The town is now highly industrialised. We were born there / The town where we were born is now highly industrialised

8. Now do the same with these. Notice that they have a preposition:
1. The bus was going to Liverpool. He was waiting for that bus / The bus (which, that) he was waiting for was going to Liverpool
2. He had been dancing with a girl. That girl turned out to be a thief / The girl (who, that) he had been dancing with turned out to be a thief
3. The room was full of mice. The children hid in that room / The room the children hid in was full of mice
4. The information refers to the new laws on copyright. I´m asking for that information / The information I’m asking for refers to the new laws on copyright
5. The boy was stronger than Paul. Paul wanted to fight against him / The boy Paul wanted to fight against was stronger than him
6. The bridge was wide enough for all the family. The gipsies were living under it / The bridge the gipsies were living under was wide enough for all the family
7. The boy is new in our class. Mike is sitting behind him / The boy Mike is sitting behind is new in our class
8. The hotel had been a military hospital. We stayed at that hotel / The hotel we stayed at had been a military hospital
9. The man is wearing a false beard. Maggie is talking to that man / The man Maggie is talking to is wearing a false beard
10. The rabbit hid under the bushes. My gun was aiming at that rabbit / The rabbit my gun was aiming at hid under the bushes

9. Translate the following sentences into English:
1. El zumo de naranja es la bebida que más me gusta / Orange juice is the drink I like best
2. La mujer que vive enfrente de mi casa acaba de encontrarse una cartera con 50.000 pts. / The woman who lives opposite my house has just found a wallet with 50.000 pts.
3. ¿Has visto el reloj que se ha comprado Pepe? / Have you seen the watch Pepe has bought?
4. No me gusta la gente que te grita al oído cuando quiere decirte algo / I don’t like the people who shout in your ear when they want to tell you something
5. ¿Has traído las fotos que prometiste enseñarme? / Have you brought the photographs you promised to show me?
6. He perdido el papel en el que anoté su dirección / I have lost the piece of paper I wrote his address on
7. Aquellos alumnos cuyo apellido empiece por B harán el examen a las cuatro / Those students whose surname begins with B will take the exam at four
8. En nuestro viaje a Hollywood visitamos los estudios donde se rodó “Parque Jurásico” / In our trip to Hollywood we visited the studios where “Jurassic Park” was shot
9. La chica con la que me vísteis es una amiga de la oficina / The girl you saw me with is a friend from the office
10. 1945 fue el año en el que terminó la 2ª guerra mundial / 1945 was the year when World War II finished
11. Todavía no entiendo la razón por la cual se enfadó tanto / I still don’t understand the reason why he got so angry
12. Los libros que compraste son muy aburridos / The books you bought are very boring
13. Trae todos los discos que tengas / Bring all the records you have
14. Mi hermana, que vive en Londres, siempre compra cosas bonitas en las tiendas de segunda mano / My sister, who lives in London, always buys nice things in second-hand shops
15. El hijo de Pedro, que quiere ser deportista, viajó a Atlanta el verano pasado / Pedro’s son, who wants to be a sportsman, travelled to Atlanta last year
16. Mallorca, que es una ciudad española muy importante, recibe más de 200.000 turistas en verano / Majorca, which is a very important Spanish city, welcomes more than 200.000 tourists in summer
17. ¿Te acuerdas de aquella vez que perdimos el único autobús que había y tuvimos que hacer auto-stop? / Do you remember that time when we missed the only bus that there was and we had to hitch-hike?
18. David Bowie es un famoso cantante inglés cuyos ojos son de distinto color / David Bowie is a famous English singer whose eyes have different colour
19. Me gustan mucho los pantalones que llevas / I like the trousers you’re wearing very much
20. La mayoría de las casas que ví estaban en ruinas / Most of the houses I saw were in ruins

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