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Proyecto final comprensión de lectura Love on the rocks Población


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María Guadalupe López Arroyo Proyecto final Comprensión de Lectura



Proyecto final comprensión de lectura

Love on the rocks

Población: Las actividades están planeadas para un grupo de inglés avanzado (CAE) de la preparatoria 6 de la UNAM. Sus edades son entre 16 y 18 años porque los grupos se forman con base en el examen de colocación, y los alumnos de cuarto, quinto y sexto año pueden entrar al curso sin importar su edad. El nivel de inglés de los alumnos es entre B2 y C1 de acuerdo con el MCER; al comenzar el curso, la mayoría de los alumnos ya ha tomado el curso y/o el examen FCE. En el grupo hay 24 alumnos en total.

Justificación del texto: La lectura es de la página www.fullspate.net http://www.fullspate.net/archive/venusmars.html, recuperado el 25 de agosto de 2013), que tiene textos y actividades basadas en diferentes niveles, con temas específicos y variados relacionados con la vida diaria y con los intereses de los estudiantes. Seleccioné el texto Love on the rocks porque el tema de las relaciones humanas, en mi experiencia, siempre ha resultado interesante, en particular por las opiniones que los jóvenes tienen al respecto y la forma en que las expresan a su edad.

Actividades de pre-lectura

Objetivo: Activar el conocimiento previo de los alumnos y apelar a sus opiniones personales sobre el tema de la lectura (relaciones entre hombres y mujeres).

  1. El profesor escribe en el pizarrón la palabra RELATIONSHIPS y le indica a los alumnos lo siguiente:

Are relationships between men and women easy? Why? Why not?

How are men and women different?

Trabajo con todo el grupo, aproximadamente 5 minutos.



Objetivo: Listar y clasificar vocabulario para describir a hombres y mujeres (adjetivos).

  1. Después, el profesor les pide a los alumnos que escriban en el pizarrón lo siguiente:

On the board there are two columns: MEN and WOMEN. Please write on the board any ADJECTIVES that describe men and women which make them different.

Examples:

MEN WOMEN

independent dependent

rational emotional

etc.


Ask the students why they think men and women have those characteristics. Remember: this is an opinion activity; nobody here is right or wrong. (Approximately 15 minutes for this).

Trabajo con todo el grupo, aproximadamente 10 minutos.



  1. Look at the following pictures. What’s different between the first and the second? What happens for a couple to change like this?


How can people go from this to this?


Ask students to speculate about what happens for a couple to go from a happy relationship to a cold, distant one and explain why. For example:



They might have had lots of fights.

One of them could have cheated.

They may have stopped talking.

The man/woman could have lost interest.

Discuss the following with your classmates:

Who’s to blame? Men or women? Why?

Trabajo con todo el grupo, aproximadamente 15 minutos.





Actividades de lectura:

Objetivo: Analizar el texto y localizar información específica para encontrar la respuesta a preguntas basadas en la lectura. Aplicación de skimming y scanning.

  1. Read the text and answer the following questions. Use your own words to answer.

  1. What does the author mean by the word intoxication?

  2. What makes women feel they are not understood or loved?

  3. What’s the difference in the way men and women deal with problems?

  4. How can that difference cause problems between men and women?

  5. Why does John Gray feel optimistic?

Trabajo con todo el grupo, aproximadamente 25 minutos.

Objetivo: Aplicar la lectura para buscar información específica (scanning), localizar datos específicos para analizar vocabulario.

  1. Read the text again and look for the following items; then match the items with their meanings1.

  1. Rosy ______

  2. Turmoil ______

  3. Moan ______

  4. Work out (a problem) ______

  5. Burdened ______

  6. Row ______

  7. Overwhelmed ______

  8. Pour out ______

  9. Bluntly ______

  10. Cope with ______

  11. Withdraw ______

  1. A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

  2. Deal effectively with something difficult.

  3. Complain or grumble, typically about something trivial.

  4. Find the answer to something.

  5. A noisy acrimonious quarrel.

  6. In a forthright, direct way.

  7. Promising or suggesting good fortune or happiness; hopeful.

  8. Experiencing worry, hardship or distress.

  9. Express one’s feelings in an unrestrained way.

  10. Depart to another place in search of quiet or privacy.

  11. Feeling a strong emotional effect.

Trabajo con todo el grupo, aproximadamente 10 minutos.

Objetivo: Localizar información específica en la lectura y modificarla para expresar la misma idea del autor usando palabras propias.

  1. You’re probably familiar with the word cliché. In the text there are some clichés related to men and women. Work in pairs. Find five of them and write them on the lines. Do not copy word by word; write them down in your own words.

  1. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  2. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  3. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  4. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  5. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Trabajo en parejas, aproximadamente 15 minutos.

Love on the rocks2

Love stories generally build up to a romantic climax and then end, leaving us with the impression that the couple lived happily ever after. Sadly, the reality is rarely as rosy as this.

In the first flush of love nothing much matters beyond being together - no sacrifice is too great if it helps you spend more time with the person whose mere presence intoxicates you. But when the intoxication starts to wear off, as it does unfortunately, little misunderstandings start occurring, causing friction, irritation, long cold silences or angry rows and the rosy image of love can give way to a deep sense of disillusion.

Why is there this friction between men and women? John Gray thinks he knows the answer. The root cause of the problem, apparently, is that men and women don't understand just how different they are emotionally. Men and women respond to problems in very different ways and consequently have very different emotional needs. When people insist on their own needs and fail to properly appreciate the needs of their partners there is bound to be friction.

Women, typically, deal with problems and stresses by talking about how they feel. A woman may easily feel overwhelmed and by talking she will find relief and feel less upset. There is no need necessarily to deal with the practicalities of the problem - they are of secondary significance. What really matters is expressing herself, exploring her emotions and getting the support from a loving relationship in which she feels that she is understood.

Whereas women want to talk and talk about their problems, men withdraw into the caves of their mind to focus on solving the problem. A man's self-esteem is built on a sense of how competent he is, so he feels he must develop the skills to solve his problems on his own. Asking for help or idly expressing how terrible you feel is perceived as an admission of weakness and incompetence. Rather than looking for understanding, men want their partners to admire them for the way they achieve their goals.

To illustrate a typical lack of understanding Gray describes the following scenario: a man and a woman return home burdened by their respective problems - he has been sitting on the train or in his car silently trying to work out the problems of the day, but they seem insoluble and a guy like this, when he gets home, is likely to have a burning need to just sit in front of the telly or play a game just to take his mind off his problems and find a way to gradually relax. But just when he is trying to forget a confusing and problematic reality, his partner wants him to listen as she pours out all her problems, looking for support and understanding. If he has the energy, he may tolerate this just enough to work out what the main problem is, then he will bluntly suggest a solution before returning to the TV or the game. But the woman doesn't want solutions - she wants a kind ear and someone to embrace her. Each annoys the other: he with his silence and she with her continual moaning.

The more busy life becomes, the greater this friction will be. As the problems men face seem greater and more intractable, the more they need to escape and the less they are able to patiently sit and lovingly listen to their partner's frustrations. The more demanding a woman's life becomes, the greater her emotional turmoil is and the more she has to express. If her partner is glued to the TV or out skydiving all the time, they will grow further and further apart.

John Gray, whose job it is to provide counselling for couples, is optimistic. With a little help he thinks men and women can understand each other better and learn to respect their differences. He thinks that women can start to respect that men need to withdraw to cope with stress and they can realise that this doesn't mean that they no longer love them. And he is convinced that men can find that listening to their partner talk about her problems could actually help them come out of their caves in the same way as watching TV or skydiving. Apparently, men need to be needed. By learning to listen without giving solutions they can see how much of a positive difference they can make in their partner's life and thus appreciate how important they are. So the key to keeping the flames of love alight would seem to be less telly and more listening.

Actividades de post-lectura:

Objetivo: Aplicar el vocabulario revisado y analizado en la etapa de lectura para expresar la opinión propia, considerando la corrección gramatical y el uso apropiado.



  1. Get in groups of three and answer the following questions:

  1. Have you ever felt overwhelmed? What happened?

  2. How do you feel when people talk to you bluntly?

  3. What things do you usually have to cope with at school? Why?

  4. Are things rosy in your life now? Why? Why not?

  5. What do you do when people moan for no good reason?

Trabajo con grupos de tres personas, aproximadamente 10 minutos.

Objetivo: Analizar imágenes y textos, valorar, justificar y explicar opiniones propias respecto a las ideas generalizadas sobre hombres y mujeres.

Trabajo con todo el grupo, aproximadamente 20 minutos.



  1. Look at the following memes. They are inspired in the clichés involving men and women. Do you agree with them? Are they funny? Why? Why not?













Cierre de actividades

Al final de la última actividad, a manera de cierre, el profesor puede preguntar lo siguiente:



Do you think John Gray is right to define men and women the way he does? Why? Why not?

Would you say that gender defines our personality? Why? Why not?

In your opinion, what is the cause of these sweeping generalizations about men and women?

Trabajo con todo el grupo, aproximadamente 10-15 minutos.

Como alternativa para tarea, el profesor puede indicar lo siguiente, considerando que se trata de nivel CAE:

Homework.

Write a short essay with the following heading: Are men and women really different? Support your arguments with information and sources; include your own opinion in your text. Write between 220 and 260 words.



ANSWER KEY

Actividades de lectura:

  1. Read the text and answer the following questions. Use your own words to answer.

(Suggested answers based on the text)

  1. What does the author mean by the word intoxication?

That the person we are in love with makes us forget about everything and everyone else and we feel completely happy, exhilarated, when we’re with them.

  1. What makes women feel they are not understood or loved?

The fact that men do not share their feelings and do not feel like talking about their worries like women do; men’s practical point of view can come across as cold or aloof.

  1. What’s the difference in the way men and women deal with problems?

Women need to talk about their problems; men think they must find solutions immediately. Women need to feel protected and expect men to pay attention when they talk about what worries them; men do not talk about problems and prefer to look for an answer by themselves.

  1. How can that difference cause problems between men and women?

Since men prefer silence, women might think they are not paid the attention they want; as women prefer to talk about their issues, men might feel annoyed by the constant chatter that does not lead to solutions.

  1. Why does John Gray feel optimistic?

Because he believes that communication and understanding can lead to better relationships. If men understand women’s needs and vice versa, they will be able to open up more and respect each other’s needs better.

  1. Read the text again and look for the following items; then match the items with their meanings3.

  1. Rosy 7

  2. Turmoil 1

  3. Moan 3

  4. Work out (a problem) 4

  5. Burdened 8

  6. Row 5

  7. Overwhelmed 11

  8. Pour out 9

  9. Bluntly 6

  10. Cope with 2

  11. Withdraw 10

  1. A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

  2. Deal effectively with something difficult.

  3. Complain or grumble, typically about something trivial.

  4. Find the answer to something.

  5. A noisy acrimonious quarrel.

  6. In a forthright, direct way.

  7. Promising or suggesting good fortune or happiness; hopeful.

  8. Experiencing worry, hardship or distress.

  9. Express one’s feelings in an unrestrained way.

  10. Depart to another place in search of quiet or privacy.

  11. Feeling a strong emotional effect.



  1. You’re probably familiar with the word cliché. In the text there are some clichés related to men and women. Find five of them and write them on the lines. Do not copy word by word; write them down in your own words.

  1. Women always need to talk about their problems.

  2. Men prefer silence; they won’t share their feelings.

  3. Men can only think of how to solve a problem, not how they or their partner feel.

  4. If a woman has a problem, she will not look for a solution; talking is all she will want to do.

  5. Men prefer to watch TV instead of spending quality time with their partners.



1 Definitions taken from www.oxforddictionaries.com.

2 Taken from http://www.fullspate.net/archive/venusmars.html, August 25, 2013.

3 Definitions taken from www.oxforddictionaries.com.


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