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Pennsylvania learning booklet


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PENNSYLVANIA

LEARNING BOOKLET

By Mason Emerson

Copyright 2007

on text; the photos are public domain from wikipedia.org unless otherwise noted
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PENNSYLVANIA



wikipedia.org
Copyright 2007

By Mason Emerson
Pennsylvania became the second state of the United States of America on December 12, 1787. The state capital is Harrisburg but the largest city is Philadelphia. Its abbreviation is PA, its nickname is the Keystone State, and its motto is “Virtue, Liberty and Independence.” The founder was William Penn.
Pennsylvania se convirtio en el segundo estado de los Estados Unidos de America el 12 de diciembre en 1787. La Capital del Estado es Harrisburg pero la ciudad mas grande es Philadelphia. Su abreviatura es PA, su apodo es el Estado Keystone (algo esencial o clave de boveda), y su lema es "Virtud, Libertad e Independencia." El fundador fue William Penn.
The state song is Pennsylvania. It has about 13 million people. The state mammal is the white-tailed deer, the state insects are the ladybug and the firefly, and the state bird is the ruffed grouse. The state flower is the mountain laurel, and the state tree is the eastern hemlock. President James Buchanan was born in Pennsylvania.
La cancion estatal es Pennsylvania. Tiene cerca de 13 millones de personas. El mamofero estatal es el ciervo de cola blanco, los insectos estatales son la mariquita y la luciernaga, y el pajaro estatal es el urogallo alborotado. La flor estatal es el laurel de montana, y el arbol estatal es el hemlock oriental. Presidente James Buchanan nacio en Pennsylvania.
Major industries in Pennsylvania include steel, shipbuilding, electronics and pharmaceuticals. Farms produce a lot of cattle, poultry, soybeans, oats, corn and mushrooms. Mines produce iron, lime, stone and cement.
Las industrias grandes en Pennsylvania incluyen el acero, la construccion naval, las electronicas y los productos farmaceuticos.  Las granjas producen muchos de los ganados, los aves de corral, las sojas, las avenas, el maiz y las setas. Las minas producen el hierro, el cal, las piedras y el cemento.
The state manufactures more pretzels and potato chips than any other state. It also has several large chocolate candy companies. The state’s many famous foods include the Philadelphia cheesesteak and the hoagie sandwich. Tomato ketchup was invented in Pennsylvania in 1876.
El estado fabrica mas pretzeles y papas fritas que cualquier otro estado. Tambien tiene varias companias grandes de dulces chocolates. Los muchos alimentos famosos del estado incluyen el bistec de queso de Philadelphia y el sandwich hoagie. La salsa ketchup de tomate fue inventado en Pennsylvania en 1876.
Philadelphia is a major seaport The state has five nuclear plants. In 1979 the plant named Three Mile Island leaked radiation and cost almost $1 billion to clean up.
Philadelphia es un puerto de mar grande. El estado tiene cinco plantas nucleares. En 1979 la planta nombrada Isla Tres Millas dejo de escapar radiacion y costo casi $1 mil millones para limpiarla.
Tourists like to see the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, the Pocono Mountains, the Delaware Water Gap and the Pennsylvania Dutch area which is where many Amish and Mennonites live. The Amish and Mennonites make furniture by hand and sell it.
A las turistas le gustan ver la Campana Libertad en Philadelphia, las Montanas de los Poconos, el Boquete Agua de Delaware y el area de Holandeses de Pennsylvania lo cual es donde muchos de los Amishes y Menonites viven. Los Amishes y Menonites hacen muebles a mano y los venden.
Major rivers in the state include the Alleghany River and the Susquehanna River. Lake Erie is on its northwestern border. It also has a Finger Lakes region. The highest place is Mount Davis at 3,213 feet or 979 meters above sea level.
Los rios grandes en el estado incluyen el Rio Alleghany y el Rio Susquehanna. El lago Erie esta en su frontera del noroeste. Tambien tiene una region Lagos de Dedos. El lugar mas alto es el Monton Davis a 3.213 pies o 979 metros sobre el nivel del mar.

 

Native Americans lived in what is now Pennsylvania before Europeans came. Nations included the Shawnee and Delaware, Susquehannock, Iroquois. Swedes of the Lutheran church came for religious freedom. The Dutch next controlled the area until the England got it. In 1681 Charles II of England gave the land to William Penn who used it for the Society of Friends, also called the Quakers. Many Germans later settled there.


Amerindios vivieron en lo cual ahora es Pennsylvania antes de que vinieran los europeos. Las naciones incluyeron los Shawnees y los Delawares, los Susquehannocks y los Iroquois. Suecos de la Iglesia Luterana vinieron para la libertad religiosa. Los holandeses controlaron el area luego hasta que Inglaterra lo consiguio. En 1681 Charles (Carlos) el Segundo de Inglaterra dio la tierra a Guillermo Penn que lo utilizo para la Sociedad de Amigos, tambien llamada los Quaqueros. Muchos Alemanes colocaron mas adelante alli.
In 1889 major flooding killed 2,200 people at Johnstown. Recent immigrants include many who are Hispanic and Asian. Pennsylvania was for the Union during the Civil War. The Battle of Gettysburg was fought there, and many tourists visit the town of Gettysburg.
En 1889 una inundacion grande mato a 2.200 personas en Johnstown. Los inmigrantes recientes incluyen muchas personas que son hispanicos y asiaticos. Pennsylvania estuvo para la Union durante la Guerra Civil. La batalla de Gettysburg fue luchado alli, y muchos turistas visitan la ciudad de Gettysburg.

PENNSYLVANIA WORDFIND

Pennsylvania, capital, Harrisburg, nickname, Keystone State, William Penn, founder, ladybug, firefly, laurel, hemlock, Buchanan, pharmaceuticals, poultry, soybeans, mushrooms, pretzels, potato chips, hoagie, sandwich, Three Mile Island, radiation, Mennonites, Iroquois, Swedes, Quakers, Johnstown, flood, Gettysburg, battle

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SLIDESHOW

photos from wikipedia.org
These artifacts came from Susquahannocks, an Amerindian nation.


William Penn, a Quaker, founded the Colony of Pennsylvania.



Benjamin Franklin was a famous patriot, scientist and politician.


Franklin helped edit the Declaration of Independence.


His face is on the one hundred dollar bill.

John Dickinson came from Philadelphia. He was a politician and wrote patriotic documents during 1765 to 1768.
Pennsylvania has a lot of factories and pretty farms.


This shows the capitol building. It is in Harrisburg.


This shows Pittsburg.
The Brook trout is the state fish.

The White-tailed deer is the state animal.


The state game bird is the Ruffed Grouse.
There are many cows and dairy farms.


Conneaut Lake Park is one of many amusement parks.

LEARN MORE
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennsylvania

http://www.50states.com/pennsylv.htm

http://www.pavisnet.com/pafact/

http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/pa_history/pa_history.htm

http://flickr.com/search/?q=Pennsylvania


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