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Manual del Alumno asignatura: Ingles Para Informatica III programa: S3c lima-Perú


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INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNOLÓGICO

NORBERT WIENER



Manual del Alumno



ASIGNATURA: Ingles Para Informatica III


PROGRAMA: S3C



Lima-Perú

SIMPLE PRESENT


(Presente Simple)
QUESTIONS :

(Preguntas)



* Verb to Be (Verbo ser, estar)

Sentence : The C.P.U is the brain of a computer system

(El C.P.U. es el cerebro de un sistema de computación)
Question : Is the C.P.U the brain of a computer system?

(¿Es el C.P.U .el cerebro de un sistema de computación?)

Sentence : Computers are electronic brains.

(Las computadoras son cerebros electrónicos)


Question : Are computers electronic brains?

(¿Son las computadoras cerebros electrónicos?)


Nota :

Para formular una pregunta con el verbo “to be” (am, is, are) se antepone el verbo “to be” al sujeto.





  • Other Verbs (Otros verbos)

Sentence : A computer stores information.

(Una computadora almacena información)
Question : Does a computer store information?

(¿Almacena información una computadora?)

Sentence : Computers work fast and efficiently.

(Las computadoras trabajan rápido y eficientemente)


Question : Do computers work fast and efficiently?

(¿Trabajan rápido y eficientemente las computadoras?)


Nota :

En presente simple, si la oración contiene un verbo diferente al verbo “to be” , se emplean los auxiliares “do” o “does” para formular una pregunta.

El auxiliar “does” se emplea cuando los sujetos son “ he, she, o it ”

El auxiliar “do” se emplea cuando los sujetos son “ I, you, we, they “




NEGATIVE SENTENCES





  1. I am a computer programmer. (Yo soy un programador)

I am not a computer programmer. (Yo no soy un programador)


  1. Computers are intelligent. (Las computadoras son inteligentes)

Computers aren’t intelligent. (Las computadoras no son inteligentes)


  1. My computer has internet. (Mi computadora tiene internet)

My computer doesn’t have internet. (Mi computadora no tiene internet)


  1. Computers “understand” or “think” (Las computadoras entienden o piensan)

Computers don’t “understand” or “think”. (las computadoras no entienden o piensan)
Nota :


  • Para formar una oración negativa con el verbo “to be” (am, is, are) se coloca la partícula negativa “not” después del verbo (am, is, are).

Ejemplo : I’m not a computer programmer

Computers aren’t intelligent.




  • Para formar una oración negativa con un verbo diferente al verbo “to be” se precisan los auxiliares “do” o “does”, los cuales se colocan entre el sujeto y “not”, y a continuación el verbo y el complemento.

Ejemplo : My computer doesn’t have internet.

Computers don’t “understand” or “think”


SHORT ANSWERS :


  1. Verb to Be :

Question : Is English difficult? Are you a computer programmer?

Answers : Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. Yes, I am. / No, I am not.
Question : Are the windows opened?

Answer : Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.





  1. Other Verbs :

Question : Does your computer have multimedia?

Answer : Yes, it does. / No, it doesn’t.
Question : Do you have a scanner?

Answer : Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.


Question : Does your father work with computers?

Answer : Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.


EXERCISES


PUT THESE SENTENCES INTO THE NEGATIVES USING THE VERB IN BRACKETS.
EXAMPLE : John.........................maths. (like)

John doesn't like maths.


    1. A key ................................. in alphabetical order. (be)

    2. They ...................................computers in their jobs. (use)

    3. We ......................................very experienced programmers. (be)

    4. The cursor...............................very slowly about the screen. (move)

    5. A mouse ...................................ten keys. (have)

    6. Computer programs.................... written in natural languages. (be)

    7. A pocket calculator .......................a disk drive. (have)

    8. The shop .................................free software. (give)

Complete this paragraph :


Mr. Paul Harris (be) _____ an American teacher. He (live) _____ in London, he

(not/live) ______ in the United States. He (be) ____ married, his wife (not/be) ____ American, She (be) ______ English.

They (live) _______ in London because his wife (not/like) ______ the United States; but their children (be) ______ in the United States now, they (study) ______ there.

Answer :



  1. Are computers intelligent?

.......................................................................................


  1. Is ROM permanent memory?

......................................................................................


  1. Can computers think?

......................................................................................


  1. What is the basic job of the computers?

......................................................................................


  1. Do computers make mistakes?

.....................................................................................


  1. What is the brain of a computer system?

.....................................................................................


  1. Do you have a computer?

....................................................................................


  1. Does your father work with computers?

....................................................................................

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

(Presente Progresivo)

Example :


Sentence : Mr. Wilson is drinking a cup of hot coffee. (- working)

Question : Is Mr. Wilson drinking a cup of hot coffee?

Answer : Yes, he is.
Sentence : Mr. Wilson isn’t working at the moment.

Question : Is Mr. Wilson working at the moment?

Answer : No, he isn’t. He is drinking a cup of hot coffee.

Nota :



  • El presente progresivo indica una acción que está teniendo lugar en el momento en que se habla.




  • El presente progresivo se forma colocando el verbo “ to be ” y añadiendo la terminación “ing” (...ando, ...endo) al verbo que se desea conjugar.

Ejemplo : The students are writing e.mails now.

(Los estudiantes están escribiendo correos electrónicos ahora.)

The secretary is typing at the moment.

(la secretaria está tipeando en este momento)




  • Para interrogar se antepone el verbo “to be” al sujeto.

Ejemplo : Are the students writing e.mails now?

Is the secretary typing at the moment?




  • Para negar se coloca “not” después del verbo “to be”

Ejemplo : John isn’t sending a fax.

The students aren’t reading computer magazines.

READING COMPREHENSION
John Cooper is my name, I am a computer programmer, I work for an important company here in London. I’m going to work now.

When I go into the office everybody is very busy. Mary is typing a letter, Fred is talking on the phone to customers, some people are waiting to see the manager, Henry is reading long reports, and Jean is sending faxes to France.

It’s hard to work here, but we like our job.


  1. Is John an engineer?

  2. What does he do?

  3. Does he work?

  4. Where does he work?

  5. Is John working now?

  6. What is he doing?

EXERCISES




  1. Complete . Use Present Progresive or Simple Present :




  1. Mr. Johnson _________ (work) on a report right now.

  2. The students _________ (come) to classes every day.

  3. Mr. Smith _________ (collect) information evey morning.

  4. The secretaries ___________ (type) letters now.


  1. Write don’t doesn’t, aren’t, am not in the blank space




  1. He ________ writing an e. mail right now.

  2. She ________ send e.mails to your office every day.

  3. The secretary ______ sending a fax.

  4. They _______ read their mail in the morning.

SIMPLE PAST

Regular and Irregular verbs
REGULAR VERBS

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