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Gutenberg printing press


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GUTENBERG PRINTING PRESS

Johannes Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. His invention was one of the most important event of the modern period. It played a key role in the development of the Renaissance. The printing press led to the first mass production of books in History. A single Renaissance printing press could produce 3,600 pages per workday. Books of bestselling authors such as Luther and Erasmus were sold by the hundreds of thousands in their lifetime.

Printing soon spread from Mainz, Germany to over two hundred cities in a dozen European countries. However the first book in English was not until 25 years later in 1475. By 1500, printing presses in operation throughout Western Europe had already produced more than twenty million volumes. Before the invention of the printing press, the majority of books were written and copied by hand. Because of this, books were very expensive, and only the rich could afford them.

The bibles of Gutenberg, printed in Latin, gained fame as the first books ever printed in Europe. Two-hundred copies were made, each complete with beautiful illustrations and vibrant colors. Part of Gutenberg’s genius was his technique for creating blocks to represent the calligraphy done in hand-made volumes, so that the richness of the original texts could be preserved. Characters and illustrations were later hand-illuminated. Today, only 22 of the original Gutenberg bibles are known to be in existence. On October 23, 1987 a bible of Gutenberg was sold at public auction and purchased by a Japanese who paid 5.4 million dollars. One of the 22 bibles of Gutenberg is located on the Museum of the Book in Burgos.

The printing press helped to inspire a religious revolution as families were for the first time able to possess a Bible for their own interpretation.

The immediate effect of the printing press was to multiply the number of books and cut the costs of them. It made information available to a much larger segment of the population who were, of course, eager for information. Printing also facilitated the dissemination and preservation of knowledge. The printing press initiated an "information revolution". Printing could and did spread new ideas quickly and with greater impact. Printing stimulated the literacy of the people. Although most of the earliest books were religious, soon upper and middle class people bought books on all subjects.

  1. Write down in your notebook the meaning of the underlined words.

  2. Write down in your notebook the verbs of paragraph number 3 in infinitive, past perfect and past participle and the meaning in spanish.

INFINITIVE

PAST PERFECT

PAST PARTICIPLE

MEANING IN SPANISH

INFINITIVE

PAST PERFECT

PAST PARTICIPLE

MEANING IN SPANISH












































































  1. True or false, change false sentences into true.

      1. Gutenberg printed 300 hundreds Bibles.

      2. A bible of Gutenberg was sold at auction for 5.4 million dollars.

      3. In 1987 a Chinese bought at public auction of Bible of Gutenberg.

      4. The first book in french was printed in 1475.

      5. The printing press facilitated the dissemination and conservation of knowledge.

      6. First books ever printed were novels.

      7. Gutenberg was an austrian goldsmith.

      8. Before the invention of the printing press, the majority of books were written and copied by hand.

  1. Answer the questions:

    1. In what european country Gutenberg was born?.

    2. If you want to see a Gutenberg's Bible, what spanish city you have to visit?.

    3. What positive effects brought the invention of the printing press?.

    4. Who was Johannes Gutenberg?.



  1. Make a sentence using these words: Gutenberg, Bible, Auction.

  2. Make a sentence using these words: Bible, illustrated, pages.

  3. Make a sentence using these words: Mainz, printing press, Gutenberg.


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