1) the future
The future is used to describe actions that will occur after present time. There are actually three common ways to talk about an action in the future. They are:
a) using the regular present
Often a word in the sentence will tell when the action will occur.
Examples: Maria llega mañana. Maria is arriving tomorrow.
Ellos vienen más tarde. They are coming later.
b) the immediate future
This form is used frequently to describe an action in the future that will happen relatively soon. One simply uses the present tense of “ir” with the preposition “a” and an infinitive (verb in its normal form).
va + a + infinitive
vamos (verb ending in ar, ir, or er)
Examples: Marta va a llamar esta tarde. Maria is going to call this afternoon.
The Jonas Brothers van a dar un concierto este fin de semana. The Jonas Brothers are going to give a concert this weekend.
Mis padres no van a comprar el coche. My parents are not going to buy the car.
c) the true future
The true future describes events that may be farther away in time.
Examples: Los seres humanos vivirán en la luna en 2060. Humans will live on the moon in 2060.
Nos graduaremos en dos años. We will graduate in two years.
Mis padres nunca me permitirán conducir su coche nuevo. My parents will never let me drive their new car.
Here are the forms for regular verbs in the future:
HABLAR COMER VIVIR
hablaré hablaremos comeré comeremos viviré viviremos
hablarás hablarán comerás comerán vivirás vivirán
hablará comerá vivirá
Note: As you can see, AR, ER, and IR verbs all have the same endings. The ending is simply added to the infinitive of the verb (verb with ar, er, or ir ending).
------> Here are the verb endings for future tense:
Some verbs have irregular forms. In future tense, the endings of these verbs are exactly the same as the endings of regular verbs. The only changes happen somewhere in the middle of the verb.
salir ------> saldré saldremos
tener ------> tendré tendremos
Once you have learned the “yo” form of irregular future verbs, you can figure out all of the other forms. Here is a list of some other irregular verbs:
venir (to come) --- vendré
poner (to put) --- pondré
saber (to know) --- sabré
querer (to want) --- querré
tener (to have) --- tendré
salir (to leave/go out) --- saldré
hacer (to do/make) --- haré
decir (to say/tell) --- diré
poder (to be able to) --- podré