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Appalachian State University Foreign Literatures and Languages

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Appalachian State University

Foreign Literatures and Languages

Dr. María Patricia Napiorski

SHN 4030 Latin American Thought Through Film and Literature

Office Hours: T; 11 am – 1 pm

Or by appointment.


Office: Sanford Hall 429.

My webpage: www1.appstate.edu/~napiorskimp
Course Description and Objectives:
This course is a study of the evolution of ideas in Latin America through the literature produced from the second part of the nineteenth century through the present. By reading and critically studying different literary genres (namely poetry, fiction, and essays) the student will gain a comprehensive understanding of how Latin American poets, novelists, and essayists have shaped, transformed, mapped, and contributed to the evolution of what we called a Latin American thought. Likewise, students will learn that Latin America is necessarily integrative, and it is and it has been interconnected to the world throughout history. The skills the students will learn in this course can be applied to a number of disciplines beyond literature namely politics, negotiation, business, and conflict resolution.
Course Prerequisites: Spanish junior or senior standing

(MC W)
The course is divided into different periods and most of the assignments are critical essay writings. Graduate students have the opportunity to rewrite their essays for their final comprehensive exam.

Readings/Primary and secondary sources:
-Positivism, Romanticism, and the Liberal approach to Independence:
Ardao, Arturo: “Espiritualismo y Positivismo en Uruguay del

siglo XIX.” In Ensayistas uruguayos del siglo XIX. México: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1950.

Castro, Américo. “En torno al Facundo de Sarmiento” Sur.

8.47 (1938): 26-34

Cousin, Victor. “Doctrine of Reason.”

Echevarría, Esteban: El Matadero. Buenos Aires: Alfaguara,


Foster, David William. “Procesos significantes en El

Matadero.Para una lectura semiótica del ensayo latinoamericano. Madrid: José Porrúa Turanza, 1983. 5-18.

Kirk, John. José Martí: Mentor of the Cuban Nation. Tampa:

University Press of Florida, 1983.

Martí, José: “Las ruinas de América,” Nuestra América,” “El

Congreso de Washington”. Ensayistas latinoamericanos. Ed. Anadeli Bencomo. Houston: LACASA, 2007.

Rodó, José Enrique: Ariel. Buenos Aires: Editorial Porrúa,

1991. (Introductory chapter)

Sarmiento, Domingo Faustino: Civilización y Barbarie: Vida

de Juan Facundo Quiroga. Santiago: Editorial Norma, 1978.(Selcción: Capítulo 2)

Shelling, F.W. Escritos filosóficos de Victor Cousin: 1834.

New York: New York Universtiy Press, 1956.

Sowsnoski, Saul. “El intelectual ante la formación del

Estado.” Revista Iberoamericana 114-115 (1981): 293-300.
-Realism, Naturalism, and the Mexican Revolution:
Azuela, Mariano: Los de Abajo. México: Fondo de Cultura,

1956. (Selcción)

Mendieta, Angeles. “Los marginados en la Revolución

Mexicana.” Biblioteca Nacional de Estudios de la Revolución Mexicana, 1961.

Meyer, Jean. “La Cristiada, Los Cristeros.” México: Siglo

Veintiuno Editores, 1974.
El vanguardismo: Cesar Vallejo.
Franco, Jean. Cesar Vallejo: The Dialectics of Poetics and

Silence. Cambridge University Press, 1976.
Vallejo, Cesar. Rusia en 1931, Reflexiones al pie del

Kremlin. “Los heraldos negros,” “Terceto Autóctono,” “El hombre moderno”. In Obras de Cesar Vallejo. Ed. Germán Casas. Bogotá: Editorial Norma, 1996.

-Colonialism vis-à-vis the “indigenous problem”
La novela de la tierra, el indigenismo:
Gallegos Rómulo. Doña Bárbara. Ed.Lowell Dunham. New York:

Appleton-Century Crofts, 1942 (Chapters 1 – 3)
Rocca, Pablo. El naturalismo en la narrativa

latinoamericana. Ediciones de la Banda Oriental, 1996.

Guevara de la Serna Enrnesto. Notas de viajes. La Habana:

Editorial Abid, 1994.

-The seeds of a postcolonial thought:
Chavarría, Jesus: Mariétegui and the Raise of Modern Perú.

Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1979.

Guevara de la Serna, Ernesto. Escritos y Discursos.

Editorial de Ciencias Sociales. La Habana, 1972.

Coronil Fernando: “Challenging Colonial Histories: Ortiz’s

Counterfetishism.” Critical Theory, Cultural Politics and Latin American Narrative. Eds. Steven M. Bell et al. Notre Dame University Press, 1993. 61-80.

Fernández Retamar, Roberto: “Apéndice o Postdata al primer

Calibán.” In Calibán y otros ensayos. La Habana: Orígenes, 1970.

Gutiérrez, Gustavo. Perspectivas de la teología de la

liberación. Norma: Lima, 1971.

Mariátegui, José Carlos: “El problema de la tierra.”
Ortiz, Fernando: “Los negros brujos,” in Contrapunteo

cubano del tabaco y el azúcar.
-Modernity. Latin America a “Barroque” continente:
-Surrealism and Latin America’s reality:
Asturias, Miguel Ángel. Hombres de Maíz. Bogotá: Siglo

Veintiuno Editores, 1976.

Carpentier, Alejo. El reino de este mundo. Obras completas

de Alejo Carpentier. Bogotá: Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 1982.

Cortázar, Julio. “Historia de Cronopios y Famas.”
Gabriel García Márquez: El Coronel no tiene quien le

escriba. Bogotá: Editorial Norma, 1986.
-Deconstructing the logos: The testimonial and its postcolonial offspring.
Barrios de Chungara, Domitila: Si me permiten hablar. Lima:

Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 1995

Beverly, John. Against Literature. Minneapolis: University

of Minnesota, 1993

Díaz, Nidia. Nunca estuve sola. Bogotá: Siglo Veintiuno

Editores, 1997.

Eltit, Diamela. Los vigilantes. Santiago: Editorial

Sudamericana chilena, 1996.

Levinson, Brett: “Trans(re)lations: Dictatorships, Disaster

and Literary Politics.” Latin American Literary Review. 49. (1997): 91-120.

Novelas (Choose of the following- Only for Graduate Students):
-El coronel no tiene quien le escriba (Gabriel García Márquez)

-Hasta no verte Jesus Mío (Helena Poniatowska)

-El Padre Mío (Diamela ELtit)

-Hombres de Maíz(Miguel Angel Asturias)

-Nunca estuve sola (Nidia Díaz)

-Papeles de Pandora (“Cuando las mujeres quieren a los hombres” y “La muñeca menor”) (Rosario Ferré).


When Worlds Collide

Tambien, la lluvia

El Violín

Innocent Voices


Che (The South American Film)

En el tiempo de las mariposas

Class Assignments:
-Journal Entries: A weekly reflection of 400 words minimum, on the authors and topics discussed in class. A reflection means that you must give a critical view on the author/work within the historical, social, literary, and cultural context. (I’ll explain in detail). Journals are due every Tuesday, please just turn them in, don’t wait until I ask you to turn them in.
-Midterm Exam: Essay Format Date: March 20.
-Final Exam: Essay Format Date: Friday May 11 @ 9 am.
Grading Criteria:
Journal Entries: 30%

Midterm Exam 30%

Final Exam 40%

NB: According to ASU regulations, students have two excused absences a year for religious celebrations or holidays. The students must provide a written excuse with the date of absence and an explanation of the request no later than the third week of class (Sept. 9) to the professor.
NB: As a community of learners at Appalachian State University, we must
create an atmosphere of honesty, fairness, and responsibility, without
which we cannot earn the trust and respect of each other. Furthermore,
we recognize that academic dishonesty detracts from the value of an
Appalachian degree. Therefore, we shall not tolerate lying, cheating, or
stealing in any form and will oppose any instance of academic
dishonesty. This course will follow the provisions of the Academic
Integrity Code, which can be found on the Office of Student Conduct Web
Site: www.studentconduct.appstate.edu. /

Academic integrity continues to be an important issue, especially given

students’ various interpretations of intellectual property rights and
the ease of downloading material from the Web. Here are some things you
might do in your classes to promote academic integrity, in addition to a
statement on your syllabi and course web sites:

    * Lead discussions about academic integrity during class.

    * Create multiple versions of quizzes and exams.
    * Provide a space for students to reaffirm the Academic Integrity
      Honor Pledge on assignments, quizzes and exams (“I pledge on my
      honor that I have not violated the Appalachian State University
      Academic Integrity Code”).
    * Use current events to illustrate, discuss and reaffirm the value
      of integrity.
    * Contact the Office of Student Conduct in all appropriate cases of
      academic dishonesty.
*2. Accommodations for Students with Disabilities*
The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that we make reasonable
accommodations for students with documented disabilities. It is
important for faculty members to understand what we are and are not
obliged to do when providing accommodations for students, so please
familiarize yourself with the ODS web site and contact the office if you
have questions about a request for accommodation. Please respect
students’ rights to confidentiality and privacy when discussing
disability accommodations with them. If you have questions, please
contact Maranda Maxey, Director of the Office of Disability Services, at
extension 3056 or maxeymr@appstate.edu.

The Office of Disability Services recommends including the following

text on syllabi and course web sites:

/Appalachian State University is committed to making reasonable

accommodations for individuals with documented qualifying disabilities
in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Those seeking
accommodations based on a substantially limiting disability must contact
and register with The Office of Disability Services (ODS) at
http://www.ods.appstate.edu/ or 828-262-3056. Once registration is
complete, individuals will meet with ODS staff to discuss eligibility
and appropriate accommodations./


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