Página principal

Apec-unctad regional Seminar on Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Key Substantive and Procedural Issues Final Report


Descargar 91.5 Kb.
Fecha de conversión21.09.2016
Tamaño91.5 Kb.




UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT








___________________________________________________________________________

2006/IEG/SEM/019


APEC-UNCTAD Regional Seminar on Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Key Substantive and Procedural Issues – Final Report

Submitted by: UNCTAD, IEG, Mexico







APEC-UNCTAD Regional Seminar on
Investor-State Dispute Settlement
Mexico City, Mexico

9-10 October 2006


APEC-UNCTAD Regional Seminar on Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Key Substantive and Procedural Issues
Mexico City, 9-10 October 2006

FINAL REPORT

In the framework of the APEC IEG (Investment Expert Group) project, the UNCTAD secretariat organized jointly with the APEC secretariat and the Secretaría de Economía (Ministry of Economy) of Mexico, a regional seminar on investor-State dispute settlement in Mexico City from 9 to 10 October 2006. The seminar was designed for government officials from APEC member economies. In addition to the APEC delegations, representatives from the Secretaría de Economía also attended the seminar. A total of 41 persons, including resource persons, participated in the seminar (see attached list).


The seminar reviewed recent developments with respect to investor-State dispute settlement (ISDS) and the impact on investment treaties. It was based on the findings of two studies prepared by the UNCTAD secretariat, as well as on a database of investor-State dispute settlement cases:

  • a study on "Investor-State Dispute Settlement and Impact on Investment Rulemaking: the Asia Pacific Perspective" (the ISDS study). The study reviewed recent trends in ISDS cases involving APEC member economies but also other countries, as well as their impact on recent trends in treaty-making. For example, the study discussed trends to clarify the meaning of key substantive issues, to define "investment" and "investor" more closely, promote transparency and judicial economy, improve investor-State dispute settlement provisions;

  • a study on "Alternative Methods to Treaty-based, Investor-State Dispute Resolution" (the ADR study). The study answered a specific request made by several APEC member economies to include this topic in the seminar; and

  • a database of treaty-based investor-State dispute settlement cases. Information on investor-State disputes is not easily accessible and requires expertise to search for relevant key substantive issues and the way different tribunals have interpreted such issues. It was felt important to provide easily accessible information on investor-State cases based on investment treaties (261 known cases, both pending and concluded) in an organized and searchable database.

The first session of the seminar was dedicated to presenting and discussing the findings of the studies and the database and seeking feedback from APEC member economies. The second session focused on the international dispute settlement mechanisms (ICSID and ICC). The presentation on ICSID reviewed recent improvements to ICSID rules. During the second day, key substantive issues in ISDS were analyzed with a focus on the impact of arbitration on recent treaty practice.


The participants found the seminar particularly interesting. The evaluation questionnaires showed that 83% of the participants rated the sessions and issues discussed as very useful.

Closing remarks by Roy Nixon, IEG Chairperson
"The two UNCTAD studies were:

  • Comprehensive, high quality and would make a significant contribution to the store of knowledge on the substantive issues in APEC member economies,

  • Directly related to APEC priorities and addressed a serious capacity-building need,

  • Highly relevant to the ongoing work program of IEG and in particular increasing the understanding of the “core” elements of IIAs and recent evolutions in treaty practice.

A new ISDS award data base:

  • Strong positive feedback on the development of a new database of ISDS arbitration outcomes,

  • Excellent search capabilities with portal through UNCTAD and APEC websites,

  • Helpful tool for public and private sector negotiators on new (renegotiating) IIAs

  • Analytical tool focussing on outcomes.

This project makes an important strategic contribution to IEG work:

  • Explaining impact of investment liberalisation – understanding barriers at the border and behind-the-border,

  • Deepening understanding of “core” elements of APEC IIAs – relationship with best practice,

  • Guiding policy choices especially of developing member economies.

IEG will consider outcomes carefully and seek to identify further capacity building needs:

  • Member economies encouraged to think about possible projects,

  • Australia likely to hold one day event in margins of SOM 3 meeting in Cairns (June 2007) aimed at practicalities of DS in APEC context,

  • Continue our constructive dialogue with UNCTAD on these and other issues to see how we can work together on these issues."

Roy Nixon also mentioned that the IEG is planning to organize a follow-up seminar in Australia in 2007.


The outstanding support received by the APEC secretariat and the Mexican Government (Secretaría de Economía) contributed to the success of the event.
Annexes:

  • Programme of the seminar

  • List of participants



"APEC-UNCTAD Regional Seminar on Investor State Dispute Settlement: Key Substantive and Procedural Issues"
APEC - UNCTAD & the Government of Mexico

9-10 October 2006

Background and objectives:

The Regional Seminar on Investor State Dispute Settlement: Key Substantive and Procedural Issues is designed for government officials from the APEC economies directly involved in negotiations on investment or managing of investor-State disputes to discuss the most recent developments in this area and deepen their knowledge of the issues at hand. This seminar will provide participants with an in-depth understanding of the experience, present practice, and possible future developments with respect to arbitration between foreign investors and host states and their impact on bilateral investment treaties and investment chapters of free-trade agreements concluded by and between APEC member economies.

The seminar will review recent developments with respect to investor-state dispute settlement in recent treaty practice. It will also review key substantive issues emerging from recent dispute settlement cases and their impact on the negotiation and the implementation of IIAs, paying particular attention to "best practice" in IIAs in the region. It will finally allow a better understanding of key procedural issues and the current discussions around a possible improvement of the investor-State dispute settlement system. A study has been prepared by the UNCTAD secretariat to serve as background paper for the seminar. At the request of APEC member economies, the seminar will also look into Alternative Methods of Treaty-Based, Investor-State Dispute Resolution and discuss the findings of a background study.
Host economy: Mexico
Venue: Crowne Plaza Hotel de Mexico

Address: Dakota # 95 Col. Napoles, 03810, Mexico, D.F.

Tel. number: (52-55) 11 64 11 64

www.hoteldemexico.com
Coordination:

Project overseer: Monica Miron Medellin, Deputy Director for Bilateral Treaties and APEC, Ministry of Economy

UNCTAD secretariat: Anna Joubin-Bret, Senior Legal Advisor, International Arrangements Section

Programme
Monday 9 October
8:30-9:00 Registration
9:00-9:30 Opening session
Opening statement by Alejandro Faya. Deputy Director-General for International Affairs, Directorate-General for Foreign Investment, Ministry of Economy, Mexico
Welcoming address by Gregorio Canales Ramirez. Director General for Foreign Investment, Ministry of Economy, Mexico.

Welcoming statement by Anna Joubin-Bret, Senior Legal Advisor, UNCTAD, Geneva


First session: Introduction and presentation of the background study
chaired by: Alejandro Faya Rodriguez, Deputy Director-General for International Affairs, Directorate-General of Foreign Investment, Ministry of Economy, Mexico
9:30-10:00 Investor-State dispute settlement: overall trends

by Anna Joubin-Bret, Senior Legal Advisor, Division on Investment, Technology and Enterprise Development, UNCTAD


10:00-11:00 Investor-State dispute settlement in the APEC region: the findings of the study

by Kenneth Vandevelde, Professor of Law, Former Dean, Thomas Jefferson School of Law, San Diego


11:00-11:15 Coffee break
11:15-12:15 Alternative Dispute Resolution

by Jeswald W. Salacuse, Henry J. Braker Professor of Law, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University


12:15-13:00 Open discussion between resource persons and participants on issues of concern in the APEC context
13:00-14:30 Lunch

Second session: International dispute settlement mechanisms
14:30-15:30 ICSID: Recent trends in procedural issues

by Margrete Stevens, Acting Lead Counsel, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, ICSID


15:30-15:45 Coffee break
15:45-16:30 Investment Arbitration through ICC Arbitration; and legality as a condition to jurisdiction

by Francisco González de Cossío, González de Cossío Abogados, S.C. México.


16:30-17:30 Open discussion between resource persons and participants on issues of concern in the APEC context
19:00 Reception hosted by the Government of Mexico


Tuesday 10 October 2006



Third session: Impact of ISDS arbitration on recent treaty practice
Chaired by: Roy Nixon, Chairperson, IEG
9:00-9:30 Introductory remarks: the findings of the study

by Roberto Echandi, Small Economy Trade & Investment Center (SETIC), Professor of International Trade & Investment Law, Diplomatic Institute, San Jose


9:30-10:00 Covered investments under BITs, FTAs and dispute settlement rules

by Bart Legum, Counsel, Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, Paris

Presentation on the use of investor-State mechanisms to settle trade disputes by Mark A. Clodfelter, Deputy Legal Adviser, International Claims and Investment Disputes, US Department of State, Washington, D.C.
10:00-10:30 The definition of investor: indirect claims/ownership and control

by Bart Legum, Counsel, Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, Paris

Discussant: Alexandre de Gramont, Partner, Crowell & Moring LLP, Washington, D.C.
10:30-10:45 Coffee break
10:45-11:30 National treatment: the "like circumstances" requirement

by Mark A.Clodfelter, Deputy Legal Adviser, International Claims and Investment Disputes, US Department of State, Washington D.C.


11:30-12:15 Most-favoured-nation treatment: defining the scope of investor's procedural and substantive rights

by Alejandro Faya Rodriguez, Deputy Director-General for International Affairs, Directorate-General of Foreign Investment,

Ministry of Economy, Mexico

12:15-13:00 Open discussion between resource persons and participants on issues of concern in the APEC context
13:00-14:30 Lunch
14:30-15:15 Fair and equitable treatment

by Stephen Bouwhuis. Assistant Secretary, Office of International Law, Australia

15:15-16:00 Indirect expropriation/preserving regulatory space

by Gilles Gauthier (Canada)

Discussant on State practice: Carlos Martin Ramirez Rodriguez, General Direction of International Commerce, Competition and Private Investment, Ministry of Economy and Finance, Peru
16:00-16:45 Contract claims/treaty claims: the "umbrella" effect of treaties

by Nestor Ballacillo, Assistant Solicitor General, Office of the Solicitor General, the Philippines

Presentation on recent work undertaken by the OECD-CIME on the umbrella clause in investment treaties by Katia Yannaca-Small, Legal Advisor, Investment Division, Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs, OECD
16:45-17:00 Coffee break
17:00-17:45 Improvements to ISDS provisions in recent investment treaties

Interactive discussion among speakers and participants moderated by Roy Nixon, Chairperson, APEC-Investment Expert Group.


17:45-18:00 Closing remarks by the IEG Chairperson

by Roy Nixon, Manager, Investment and Compliance Unit, Foreign Investment and Trade Policy Division, Department of the Treasury, Canberra




"APEC-UNCTAD Regional Seminar on Investor State Dispute Settlement: Key Substantive and Procedural Issues"
CTI 25/2006 T

Mexico City

9-10 October 2006
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND RESOURCE PERSONS

Margrete Stevens

Acting Lead Counsel

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

The World Bank

1818 H Street, NW, Washington DC 20433, USA

Tel: 202 473 4925, Fax: 202 522 2615/2027

E-mail: Mstevens1@worldbank.org
Gabriela Alvarez Avila

Senior Counsel

International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

The World Bank

1818 H Street, NW, Washington DC 20433, USA

Tel: 202 473 4925, Fax: 202 522 2615/2027

E-mail: galvarezavila@worldbanck.org
Mark Clodfelter

Assistant Legal Adviser for International Claims and Investment Disputes

United States Department of State

Washington, D.C. 20520, USA

Tel: (1 202) 776 83 65

E-mail: ClodfelterMA@state.gov


Barton Legum

Member of the New York Bar

Debevoise & Plimpton LLP

21, avenue George V, 75008 Paris, France

Tel: (331) 40 73 12 99 Fax: (331) 47 20 50 82

E-mail: blegum@debevoise.com


Roberto Echandi

Small Economy Trade & Investment Center (SETIC)

P.O. Box. 663-2150, Moravia, San José, Costa Rica

Te.: (506) 836 6096, Fax (52-55) 52296507

E-mail: rechandi@setic.org
Alejandro Faya Rodríguez

Director General Adjunto de Asuntos Internacionales

Secretaría de Economía

Av. Insurgentes Sur 1940 – 8º. Piso Col. Florida 01030, Del. Alvaro Obregón

México, D.F., México

Tel: (52-55) 52296167, Fax (52-55) 52296507

E-mail: afaya@economía.gob.mx
Francisco González de Cossio

González de Cossio Abogados, S.C. México

Bosque de Acacias 61B, Bosques de las Limas, Miguel Hidalgo 11700

México, D.F., México

Tel: (52-55) 5251 1880, Fax (52 55) 5251 – 1881

E-mail: fgcossio@gdca.com.mx


Catherine Yannaca-Small

Advisor on International Investment Law, Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OCDE)

2, rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France

Tel: (33) 1 45 24 78 47, Fax: (33( 144 30 61 35

E-mail: Catherine.yannaca-small@oecd.org


Anna Joubin-Bret

Senior Legal Advisor, International Investment Agreements Section

Division of Investment, Technology and Enterprise Development

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

Tel: 41 22 917 58 97, Fax: 41 22 917 01 94

E-mail: anna.joubin-bret@unctad.org
Marie-Estelle Rey

Legal Expert, International Investment Agreements Section

Division of Investment, Technology and Enterprise Development

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland

Tel: 41 22 917 58 97, Fax: 41 22 917 01 94

E-mail: marie-estelle-rey@unctad.org
Sergio Rodríguez

Thacher Proffitt & Wood, S:C:

Paseo de Tamarindos No. 400-B Piso 22

Col. Bosques de las Lomas C.P. 05120, México, D.F.

Tel: (52 55) 3000 0698, Fax: 3000 0698

E-mail: srodriguez@tpw.com


Miguel Rábago Dorbecker

Coordinador

Departemento de Derecho, Universidad Iberoamericana

Prol. Paseo de la Reforma 880, Edif.. H. 1er. Piso

Lomas de Santa Fe, México, D.F., C.P. 01210

Tel: (52-55) 5950 4000 y (52-55) 9177 4400 Ext. 4790 Fax: (52-55) 5940 4244

E-mail: rabago@uia.mx
Shin Ki-Taek

Consejero Comercial

Embajada de la República de Corea

Lope Díaz de Armendriz No. 110

Col. Lomas Virreyes. C.P. 11000, México, D.F.

Tel: (52 55) 5202 9866 Fax: (52 55) 5540 7446

E mail: ktshin@naver.com
Nguyen Manh Hung

Senior Expert

Ministry of Planning & Investment, Foreign Investment Agency (FIA)

2 Hoang Van Thu Str., Hanoi, Vietnam

E-mail: mhungmpi@yahoo.com

Tel.: 84 4 7343758 Mobile 09120 68664


Vitaliy N. Sorokin

Trade and Investment Expert, Department of Foreign Economic Relations

Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation

115324 Moscow, Russia

Ovehinnicovskaya nab. 18/1

Tel: (495) 950 19 72 Fax: (495) 950 12 23

E-mail: SorokinVN@economy.gov.ru
Alexandre de Gramont

Crowell Moring

1001 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW,

Washington, DC 20004-2595

Tel. P 202 624 2517 F 202 628 51 15

E-mail: adegramont@crowell.com


Carlos Martín Ramírez Rodríguez

Asesor, Dirección General de Asuntos de Economía Internacional

Competencia e Inversión Privada, Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas

Viceministerio de Economía

Jr Lampa Nro. 277, Piso 5, Lima, Perú

Tel: (51-1) 427 4207 311 5930 Anx 3532 Fax 428 6319

E-mail: ramirezc@mef.gob.pe
Jeswald W. Salacuse

Henry J. Braker Professor of Law

The Fletcher School, Tufts University

Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA

Tel. 1617 627 3633 Fax 1617 627 3871

E.mail: jeswald.salacuse@tufts.edu



Kenneth J. Vandevelde

Professor of Law

Thomas Jefferson School of Law

2121 San Diego Avenue, San Diego, CA 92110

Tel. (619) 374 6916 Fax (619) 296 4284

E-mail: kennethv@tjsl.edu


Normazli Abd. Rahim

Senior Federal Counsel

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

5th. Floor, bock 10, Government Offices Complex

Jalan Duta 50622 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Tel. (603) 5203 3022 /603) 5203 4704 Fax: (603) 6201 2306

E-mail: normazli@miti.gov.my
Punwipa Na Bangchang

Third Secretary, Division of International Economic Policy

Department of International Economic Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Sri Ayudhaya Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

Tel. (662) 643 5000 Ext. 4068 Fax: (662) 643 5247

E-mail: punwipan@mfa.go.th


Varapol Chensavasdijai

Second Secretary

Department of Treaties and Legal Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Sri Ayudhaya Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

Tel: (662) 643 5000 Ext. 1133 Fax: (662) 643 5041

E-mail: varapolc@mfa.go.th


Zhao Jie

Department of International Trade & Economic Affairs

Ministry of Commerce

The People´s Republic of China

2 Dong Chang An Street, Beijing, China, P.C. 100731

Tel: (8610) 6519 7714 Fax (8610) 6519 7213

E-mail: zhaojie-gj@mofcom.gov.cn
Nestor J. Ballacillo
Assistant Solicitor General
Office of the Solicitor General
134 Amorsolo Street, Legaspi Village
Makati City, The Philippines

E-mail: nestorballacillo@yahoo.com


Gregorio Canales Ramírez
Director General de Inversión Extranjera
Secretaría de Economía
Av. Insurgentes Sur 1940, Piso 8
Col. Florida 01030, México, D.F.
Tel: (52-55) 5229-6163 y 64 Fax: (52-55) 5229-6507

E-mail: gcanales@economia.gob.mx


J. Nicolas Guerrero Peniche

Director de Derecho Internacional

Consultoría Jurídica, Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores

Plaza Juárez #20, Oficina 677, Piso 6, CP. 06010, México D.F.

Tel.: +(5255) 9159 5318 Fax: +(5255) 9159 5315

E-mail: jguerrerop@sre.gob.mx


Wanchart Santikhunchorn

Executive Director

Thailand Office of the Attorney General
Walaiporn Sriprayoonsakul

Thailand Public Prosecutor

Thailand Office of the Attorney General

E-mail: pokhome@gmail.com


Gilles Gauthier

Director, Investment Trade Policy Division

International Trade Canada

125 Sussex Drive, Ottawa K1A 0G2, Canada

Tel. 944-2427

E-mail: gilles.gauthier@international.gc.ca


Roy Nixon (Chairman of the APEC Investment Experts Group IEG)

Senior Adviser, Investment and Compliance Unit

Foreign Investment and Trade Policy Division, The Treasury

Langton Crescent, Canberra Act 2600, Australia

Tel: (02) 62633764, Fax: (02) 62632940

E-mail: rnixon@TREASURY.GOV.AU


Stephen Bouwhuis

A/g Assistant Secretary

Office of International Law

Australia

Tel: (+ 61 2) 6250 6035, FaX: (+ 61 2) 6250 5931

Email: stephen.bouwhuis@ag.gov.au


Alejandro Tagle Robles
Director General Adjunto del Registro Nacional de Inversiones Extranjeras

Secretaría de Economía


Insurgentes Sur No. 1940 Piso 8, Col. Florida
Deleg. Álvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030 México, D.F. 
Tel: 52-55 52296100 Ext 33403 Fax: 52-55 52296507 

E-mail: atagle@economia.gob.mx


Ericka Marcela López Vargas
Directora de Asuntos Jurídicos y de la Comisión Nacional de Inversiones Extranjeras
Secretaría de Economía
Av. Insurgentes  Sur 1940,  Piso 8, Col. Florida
Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030, México, D.F.
Tel. Conm. 52-55 5229 6100 Ext. 33404  Tel. Dir. 52-55 5229 6170

E-mail: emlopez@economia.gob.mx



Erika Iliana Quevedo Chan

Subdirectora de Tratados para Europa y Organismos Internacionales

Secretaría de Economía

Av. Insurgentes  Sur 1940,  Piso 8, Col. Florida


Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030, México, D.F.
Tel. Conm. (52-55) 5229 6100 ext. 33415

E-mail: equevedo@economia.gob.mx


Alma Lila Alva

Embajada de la República de Corea en México

Lope Díaz de Armendriz No. 110

Col. Lomas Virreyes. C.P. 11000, México, D.F.

Tel: (52 55) 5202 9866 Fax: (52 55) 5540 7446
Israel Octavio Torres López

Jefe de Departamento de Tratados para América

Secretaría de Economia

Av. Insurgentes  Sur 1940,  Piso 8, Col. Florida


Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030, México, D.F.
Tel. Conm. (52-55) 5229 6100 ext. 33433

E-mail: itorresl@economia.gob,mx


Zaida Sariñana Schroeder

Jefa de Departamento de Tratados para Europa y Organismos Internacionales

Secretaría de Economía

Av. Insurgentes  Sur 1940,  Piso 8, Col. Florida


Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030, México, D.F.
Tel. Conm. (52-55) 5229 6100 ext. 33425

E-mail: zsarinana@economia.gob.mx


Jacqueline Márquez Rojano

Subdirectora de Tratados Bilaterales y Organismos de Protección a la Inversión

Secretaría de Economía

Av. Insurgentes  Sur 1940,  Piso 8, Col. Florida


Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030, México, D.F.
Tel. Conm. (52-55) 5229 6100 ext. 33413

E-mail: jmarquez@economia.gob.mx


Ana Cecilia Moctezuma

Subdirectora de Resoluciones Específicas

Dirección de Asuntos Jurídicos, Secretaría de Economía

Av. Insurgentes  Sur 1940,  Piso 8, Col. Florida


Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030, México, D.F.
Tel. Conm. (52-55) 5229 6100 ext. 33406

E-mail: amoctezuma@economia.gob.mx


Miguel Flores Bernés

Comisionado, Comisión Federal de Competencia

Av. Santa Fe, No. 505, piso 24

Col. Cruz Manca Santa Fe, CP 05349, México D.F.

Tel. (52-55) 27896533

E-mail: mflores@cfc.gob.mx


Monica Mirón Medellín

Subdirectora de Tratados Bilaterales y APEC

Secretaría de Economía

Av. Insurgentes  Sur 1940,  Piso 8, Col. Florida


Del. Alvaro Obregón, C.P. 01030, México, D.F.
Tel. Conm. (52-55) 5229 6100 ext. 33435

E-mail: mmiron@economia.gob.mx


La base de datos está protegida por derechos de autor ©espanito.com 2016
enviar mensaje