Jorge Cardona Lloréns, who holds a Chair in Public International Law and International Relations at the University of Valencia, will be a candidate in December for the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
The candidate, born in Valencia on 30 April 1957, is a prestigious International Law jurist, (A), a specialist in, among other areas, human rights, (B), with a special focus on the rights of the child (C), as reflected by his career in teaching and (i) research, (ii), in the field of international practice, (iii) and in development cooperation (iv).
(A) Jorge Cardona received the Special National Graduation Award (1980) and Special National PhD Award for Law at the University of Valencia (1984).
(i) His teaching career includes: Lecturer of Public International Law at the Spanish Universities of Valencia (1980-1984, 1985-95, and since 2008), Alicante (1984-85), and Jaume I in Castellón (1995-2008). Director of the International Law Section at the Bancaja International Centre for Peace and Development (since 1997). Henri Rolin Chair at the Universities of Louvain -La-Neuve and Vrije Universiteit Brussel (2009). Jean Monnet Chair in Community Law (since 1997). Chairman of the Mediterranean Institute of European Studies (since 1999). Chairman of the Centre for Studies on Law and International Relations (since 2007). Director of the Depository Library of the United Nations at the University of Valencia (since 2007). Visiting Professor at Universities and Scientific Institutes in Europe, Latin America and Africa (Angers, Bello Horizonte, Bogotá, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Casablanca, Cergy-Pontoise, Clermont-Ferrand, Costa Rica, Marrakech, Naples, Palermo, Panama, Paris I, Paris II, Paris Sud, Paris X, Rome La Sapienza, Rome Tor Vergata, Tunisia II, Tunisia III, courses at The Hague Academy of International Law, courses of the Inter-American Juridical Committee in Rio de Janeiro, Bancaja Euro-Mediterranean Courses in International Law). His teaching career has been distinguished by contributions to promoting teaching, studies, dissemination, and wider understanding of cultural diversity and its impact on the interpretation and application of International Law. In this sense the Bancaja Euro-Mediterranean Courses in International Law programme, which he founded and has directed since 1997, nearly 150 of the most prestigious International Law jurists have participated, representing every legal culture, together with more than a thousand postgraduate students from 178 countries. His contribution has been recognised by UNESCO with the Mahatma Gandhi Gold Medal for Peace.
(ii) Author of nearly 150 publications on International Law, in particular on: the Law of Treaties, the Law of International Responsibility, the Law of International Organisations, human rights, and peacekeeping and international security. Member of the scientific committee of the Revista Española de Derecho Internacional (1990-98), and of the Editorial Board of the Gaceta Jurídica de la Unión Europea. Directed and participated in more than 20 research projects financed by public and private entities. Participated 200 national and international conferences and debates, and has directed approximately 50 research works and ten doctoral theses.
(iii) In the field of practising International Law: UNESCO Special Advisor on: “Works of the Spirit as Common Heritage of Humankind” (1999-2000); Agent for the Kingdom of Spain before the International Court of Justice in the case of the Declaration of Independence of Kosovo; and Legal Adviser to different States on international affairs with learned opinions.
(iv) In the development cooperation field, he is a member of several consultative bodies of the Administration and a Trustee of Foundations involved in development cooperation and human rights (Valencian Council of Development Cooperation, Foundation for Justice, Valencian Committee of Humanitarian Aid, Valencian Council on the future of Europe etc.).
(B) Among the major themes of Dr. Jorge Cardona’s activity, within his specialisation in the field of Human Rights the following stand out:
(i) In the teaching field, he is a member of the Management Council for the Master on Human Rights, Peace and Sustainable Development of the University of Valencia, as well as for the International Doctoral Programme on Human Rights (Doctorate that has deserved a special quality mention by the Spanish Ministry of Education). Within the framework of these, he teaches International Human Rights Law, Humanitarian International Law and, since 2004, his Seminar on the human rights perspective of development cooperation must be pointed out, taught by invitation of several universities, based on the implementation of the UN Common Understanding on a human rights-based approach to development cooperation, adopted in 2003 and subsequently developed further.
(ii) In the research field, among the research projects carried out those specially related to the human rights field include among others: “The protection of vulnerable individuals and groups in International and European Law”, “New tendencies and recent developments in the maintenance and consolidation of peace in territories where jurisdiction or control is exercised by an entity different from the territorial state”; “Vulnerability by reason of age, disability, immigration, gender, imprisonment and refuge. Study of International and European protection”; “Armed Conflicts, Peacekeeping and Transitional Justice: Law as Solution (ATLAS)”(with special reference to the protection of the rights of women and children in armed conflict and post-conflict situations); and “International and European Protection of the rights of individuals with disabilities”. These projects have generated some twenty scientific publications in different languages.
(iii) Among his professional activities linked to human rights the following can be pointed out: former member of the Commission of Notables appointed by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights for the study of the reform of the Inter-American System of Human Rights (1999-2001) and his condition of Legal Expert of the Conference of Ibero-American Ministers of Justice (COMJIB) in the human rights field (since 2008).
(iv) In the field of development cooperation and human rights in general, his position as a member of the Board of Trustees and Director of the Foundation for Justice Projects participating in development cooperation actions, from a human rights perspective, in India, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, Senegal, El Salvador, Bolivia and Paraguay, as well as heading the UN-I-MON Project carried out by the UNHCR, the University of Valencia and the Valencian Regional Government, amongst whose activities the creation of an Observatory on refugee protection actions can be mentioned.
(C) Specifically in relation to the Rights of the Child, Dr. Jorge Cardona has a wide experience
(i) In the teaching field, also from the perspective of the rights of the child, within his teaching specialised in human rights and in Humanitarian International Law he has been collaborating for many years in the course for the University Diploma of the Rights of the Child, organised by the University of Valencia, in collaboration with UNICEF.
(ii) In the field of research, his work within the framework of the European Union Research Project on Transnational Justice, in which he has researched in particular the European Union’s action respecting and ensuring respect for the rights of the child in conflict and post-conflict situations, specially in missions to restore the Rule of Law. Also specially related with the rights of the child, is his participation in projects on the rights of individuals with disabilities in which his work and research on the rights of the disabled child are to be set.
(iii) In the field of international practise, his activities as Rapporteur, within COMJIB, on the Promotion and protection of human rights of persons of legal age within the framework of the criminal process are directly linked with the rights of the child and of young people, as are those of drafter of the relevant proposal of recommendation approved by the Ibero-American Ministers of Justice and those of Rapporteur of the Promotion and protection of human rights of the victims of crime within the framework of judicial proceedings, with special reference to victims of gender offences and those who are minors and of drafter of the relevant proposal of recommendation approved by the Ibero-American Ministers of Justice. Additionally, he is a Member of the Committee appointed by the Secretariat of the Ibero-American Youth Organisation (OIJ) for the monitoring of the compliance by States of the Ibero-American Convention on Young People’s Rights (2010). Furthermore, within the framework of the ATLAS Project, he has supervised on the filed in peace operations and the respect of the rights of the child in Sierra Leone, Haiti and Kosovo.
(iv) Within the development cooperation field, he participates in the following projects which are particularly related to the rights of the child: “Programme to reduce traditional harmful practices for women”, in collaboration with the Kembetta Women’s Self Help Centre (KMG) in Ethiopia (whose general aims include empowering the community in combating female genital mutilation and other harmful traditional practices, empowering women, teen-agers and girls so that they may become aware and demand their rights and to reduce gender violence in rural areas and specifically in the districts of Tedele and Kebele); Cooperation with the “Diamond Child” in Sierra Leone (school-workshop taking in the most disadvantaged boys, girls and teenagers and, in particular, former boy soldiers, oriented towards reinsertion via education by offering them a profession and a better future in their country); in cooperation with the Ramdha Udhist Orphanage in Dharamsala (India) or in actions to reduce discrimination in albino children in Senegal, all carried out via the Foundation for Justice.
His works related to human rights include:
« L’incidence des organisations internationales sur les transformations du droit international: réflexions au terme du XXeme siècle », in Les Droits de l’homme à l’aube du xxeme siècle. Karel Vasak Amicorum Liber, Económica/Bruylant, 1999, pp. 975-1029
“La función contenciosa de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (Consideraciones sobre la naturaleza jurídica de la función contenciosa a la luz de su jurisprudencia)”, in El sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos en el umbral del siglo XXI, Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, San José de Costa Rica, 2001, pp. 313-348
“La protección de los derechos de los discapacitados en Europa”, in La protección de las personas y grupos vulnerables en el derecho europeo, Madrid, 2001, pp. 333-356
Corte Penal Internacional (un estudio interdisciplinar) (together with J.L. Gomez Colomer and J.L. González Cussac), Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia, 2003
“La Internacionalización de los derechos fundamentales en la Constitución de 1978”, in Derechos Fundamentales y libertades públicas, imágenes para el XXV aniversario de la Constitución, Valencia, 2004, pp. 59- 67
“La Promoción y la Protección de los Derechos Humanos de las personas con Discapacidad: en el camino de su reconocimiento Universal” (together with A. Sanjosé), in Protección internacional de Derechos Humanos. Nuevos desafios (COURTIS, Christian and HAUSER, Denise, eds), Editorial Porrúa México, 2004, pp. 147-175
“Derechos Humanos y personas con discapacidad en el marco de las Naciones Unidas: ¿Hacia un cambio de rumbo?”, in Trends in the Internacional Law of Human Rights. Studies in honour of Profesor Antonio Augusto Cançado Trindade, Porto Alegre, 2005, pp. 491- 550
« Le droit de l'occupation, lex specialis du droit des peuples à disposer d'eux mêmes ? », in Collegium, no. 32, 2006, Brugge, pp. 67-78
“La Organización de las Naciones Unidas y las personas con discapacidad” in La protección internacional de las personas con discapacidad (C. Fernández Liesa ed.), Madrid, 2007, pp. 96-127
« Le principe des peuples à disposer d’eux mêmes et l’occupation étrangère », in Droit du pouvoir, pouvoir du droit. Mélanges offerts à Jean Salmon, Económica/Bruylant, 2007, pp. 821-839
“La protección de los derechos humanos de las personas con discapacidad en el marco de las Naciones Unidas: un nuevo paradigma de derechos humanos en el siglo XXI”, in La Segunda controversia de Valladolid: los derechos humanos en el siglo XXI, Valladolid, 2007, pp. 67-83
La cooperación al desarrollo y los grupos vulnerables (together with Jordan Galduf, Jose Mª), Valencia, 2007
“Un cambio de paradigma en la protección de los derechos humanos: la Convención de 2006 sobre los derechos de las personas con discapacidad” (together with Sanjosé Gil, A.) in La protección internacional y europea de los grupos vulnerables (Sanz, S. and Ferrer J. eds.), Valencia, 2008, pp. 165-207
“Derechos humanos y capacidad diversa: la convención internacional sobre los derechos de las personas con discapacidad” (together with Biel Portero, I.) en Scritti in onore di Umberto Leanza, Roma 2008, pp. 217-260
“El derecho humano a una sociedad inclusiva e integradora” (forthcoming)